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Barrister, Attorney
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Experience:  15 yrs practice, Civil, Criminal, Domestic, Realtor, Landlord 26 yrs
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In Colorado, is it legal for a regular citizen to force someone

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In Colorado, is it legal for a regular citizen to force someone to attend therapy under threat of prosecution?

Example: Theft occurred at a home. The owner of that home tells the thief that if they "Don't begin seeing a therapist, they will press charges regarding the theft, as well as call child protective services." The home owner has already told the police that they do not want to press charges regarding this matter.

Is this legal, or would it be considered blackmail, and if so, how should it be reported?
Hello and welcome! My name is XXXXX XXXXX I will try my level best to help with your situation or get you to someone who can.
Blackmail it typically considered to be illegally using threats of violence or of disclosing some embarassing fact about someone in return for money. In this situation if the theft did actually occur, then the owner of the home would be legally able to file a formal complaint and request that criminal charges be placed against the offencer at any time within the statute of limitations for prosecuting the criminal act. If it was a misdemeanor, the SOL is typically either 1 or 2 years. If it is a felony, then it ranges from 5-10 normally depending on what the exact crime was and the value of the stolen items.
With that said, since the owner would have the legal right to pursue criminal charges should they choose to, then there would not be anything illegal about them privately agreeing not to do so if the person who committed the theft sought therapy for whatever problem caused them to commit the theft in the first place.
So the short answer is no, it wouldn't be illegal for the homeowner to agree to not press criminal charges if the offender agreed to therapy.
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