OK, first, am very sorry for what has transpired. Here is the legal aspect, in NC, with regard to the laws of the state. Note further below that there may be different policies
(more stringent), practiced by your company, but with regard to NC, and your post:
My manager has suspended me from work :( So sorry.
What bothers me is that he laughed about it with employees and shared my information with them. Ouch. Quite unprofessional, certainly.
I thought this was part of my employee file which is supposed to be private. Actually, no, that is not entirely correct. There are some things that have been carved out of the typical freedom of speech, that are legally private, such as HIPAA protected medical information. Unfortunately, disciplinary actions are not included in those protections, and anyone is legally free to speak of them.
Am I correct? In this instance, think not. There is no NC law that prohibits an employee from speaking about the disciplinary actions taken with regard to another employee. It is gossip, but that is not illegal, however distasteful and unprofessional. Please advise. Is there an actual law that was broken. No, not on these facts, as far as I can see. HOWEVER, it is very possible that your employer has a policy that supervisors do not gossip about subordinates at all, much less disciplinary actions. That may not help you much, depending on how you feel about reporting his behavior to HIS boss, or HR, or whoever. There is always a risk that reporting a superior ends up burning us, instead. But, it would not be unusual for unprofessional gossip by a manager of subordinates to be frowned upon by the employer. Had you been terminated, teh decision to report him may be easier. But since you have much to lose should he learn of the reporting and retaliate by causing you to be let go, you need to give that much thought. I do not find NC to have a law that prevents retaliation based on such a complaint - rather, that would be an internal matter that is left to the discretion of the employer, be it allowing a termination OR, siding with subordinate against the manager.
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