I have been working on a fictional character of the superhero genre. However, I just found out that Marvel Comics worked with Electronic Arts to create a video game that had a limited-run comic series tie-in. The comic series was a meager six issues in total, and ended in 2006. One of the characters in this series has the same "superhero" name as the character I have been developing. Not only that, but both my character and this other one that share the same name and are both Japanese. This other character apparently hasn't been used in any form of media since 2006.
I have noticed that DC and Marvel comics have their own respective characters that share the same name. And between them, there doesn't seem to be any problem. I want to know if by publishing my character, who shares only the name and ethnicity with this other character, will I will be putting myself in any legal trouble or danger?
Hello and thank you for your question.Your previous expert provided good information based on the facts revealed in your question. There is no straightforward answer because in deciding the issue of infringement the law requires a balancing analysis based on all the facts. However, based on the facts that you do give - the name and ethnicity of the character in a superhero context - there is enough similarity to form the basis of a law suit for copyright infringement and Marvel would have the motive and means to protect its copyright. On the other hand, if the character's name and ethnicity is the same, but his other attributes, physical appearance, powers, family history, social setting, friends, adventures and other circumstances are different and uniquely your own, this may be enough to separate him from the Marvel character. It's not a sure thing for either you or Marvel, but Marvel likely has considerably more money to make its argument. If you want to avoid any possibility of running into problems, then you may want to rename the character. If you do not want to change the name, then at least you know that Marvel may in the future seek to challenge your use of the name for your superhero. Here is a recent legal article that discusses the continuing uncertainties involved in this area of the law. http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=30db1a08-70ac-486b-9b30-877b2e613402Please feel free to ask any follow-up questions.
Thanks to Myra for her post.
As we've both indicated, there is no clear, black and white answer to this question. Who wins depends on how recognizable this character's name is. If it is an obscure character, then you likely have footing to claim that your character doesn't infringe on Marvel or EA.
HOWEVER, there's nothing to stop Marvel or EA from suing you and claiming that infringement exists. If that were to happen, you would have to defend against the case, which could cost you tens of thousands of dollars to defend.
The point I was trying to make is that even if the law is on your side (which it likely is if this is not a mainstream character), fighting for the right to use the character's name may not be worth it financially.
I hope this clarifies things - - and thank you for allowing Myra and I to assist.
DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.
The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).