First off let me post for you Alabama;'s statute that defines theft so you can see what must be proven if charges were to be filed.
§13A-8-2. Theft of property - Definition.
A person commits the crime of theft of property if he or she:
(1) Knowingly obtains or exerts unauthorized control over the property of another, with intent to deprive the owner of his or her property;
(2) Knowingly obtains by deception control over the property of another, with intent to deprive the owner of his or her property;
(3) Knowingly obtains or exerts control over property in custody of a law enforcement agency which was explicitly represented to the person by an agent of the law enforcement agency as being stolen.
To answer your question. Yes they can be charged with theft. However not for refusing to stop or allow you bag or person to be search. The charge would have to be based upon an allegation that you "knowingly obtains or exerts unauthorized control over the property of another, with intent to deprive the owner of his or her property." The prosecutor will have to prove this beyond a reasonable doubt at trial. So while the police may permit charges to be filed, obtaining a conviction will be a much more difficult task. It will come down to what the video shows, what the store employees testify they observed and any other testimony
and evidence the prosecutor or you present at trial.
Charging someone with a crime does not always result in a conviction.
I hope that I have answered your question. Please let me know if you have more questions or need more information.
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