Hi, thanks for submitting your question today. This person would have to be able to prove: 1) that you made a statement, reported as fact, to another person; 2) that the statement was false; 3) that the statement caused damage to that person; and 4) that you were negligent in making that statement. If you defame a public figure (such as a celebrity or member of government, for example), that person will have to prove: 1) that you made a statement to another person, reported as fact; 2) that the statement was false and caused damage; and 3) that you made the statement with actual malice-that is, with knowledge that the statement was false or with reckless disregard as to whether the statement was false or not. In no circumstance can you be held liable for voicing your opinion, only for making untrue factual assertions. Damages can be anything from hurting someone's reputation in his or her trade or profession, to causing that person mental anguish and humiliation. Recovery for damages can take two basic forms: money damages, or an "injunction" (a court order). An injunction means that you could be forced to retract what you said about the person and/or you can be prevented from making any further untrue statements about the person.
You have two options at this point - 1) if you think there is any question that you said or wrote something false about a person, retract the statement in the same form and forum that you originally stated it and forward a copy of the retraction to the accuser ; or 2) let the accuser know that you did not make such a statement and demand from the accuser that he or she provide whatever evidence he or she is claiming exists to substantiate the allegation that you defamed him or her.
I believe this answers your question. However, if you need clarification or have follow-up questions regarding this matter, I will be happy to continue our conversation – select the Reply to Expert or Continue Conversation button. If you are otherwise satisfied with my response, please leave a positive rating as it is the only way I am able to get credit for my answers. Thank you, and I wish you all the best with this matter.