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Slander and defamation are essentially two names for the same tort
. Defamation is the injury to one's reputation, either by written expression (libel) or oral expression (slander). The general rule is that libel or slander is not actionable unless the plaintiff suffers special damages
, i.e., those contemplating the loss of something having economic or pecuniary value, Wads worth v Beaudet et al, 267 AD2d 727
[ NY 3rd
Dept 1999]. This means that in order to prove a case for slander that you can win in court, you not only have to prove these individuals made known false statements about you to third parties, you have to also prove that you suffered actual monetary loss.
If you have suffered some actual monetary loss then you would file a petition or complaint against the individuals and in that complaint you would have to specifically set forth the statements that were known to be false and also the actual damages you have suffered. Upon filing the complaint, you have to then serve each defendant with a copy of the complaint and a summons and they have to answer the complaint and then the case proceeds to trial.
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