How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask ScottyMacEsq Your Own Question
ScottyMacEsq
ScottyMacEsq, Attorney
Category: Legal
Satisfied Customers: 16188
Experience:  Licensed Texas General Practice Attorney
19487448
Type Your Legal Question Here...
ScottyMacEsq is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

I am a veterinarian and I do have a small pet clinic. almost

This answer was rated:

I am a veterinarian and I do have a small pet clinic. almost 2 years ago when I was out of my office one of the online advertisement company called my office and talked with one of my receptionists and allured her to make a advertisement contract on behalf of my office with them and they tape recorded her voice. that person did not have any authority to do such a thing and later on she came to me and mentioned the incident and told me that she was under impression that she is just renewing an advertise that we had before.
right after that this company started sending invoices and harassing us by phone calls and asking money for their services.
numerous time I had mentioned to them That I am in charge of decision making and I did not authorize anybody to make such a contract.
finally somebody from the online ad company called today and told us we will receive court summons in 72 hours for small claim court in San Francisco. (our location is Orange county California almost 600 miles far away)
I am quite upset. and I want to see if they do have a chance winning the case and I want to see my legal options for counter suing

ScottyMacEsq :

Thank you for using JustAnswer. I am researching your issue and will respond shortly.

ScottyMacEsq :

I'm sorry to hear about your situation. "Lack of authority" is a defense to a breach of contract action (in that when they sue you, you can say that the person that signed on behalf of you did not have any authority to do so). That being said, it is a defense, meaning that you could be sued and you would have to bring it up as a defense to the lawsuit.

ScottyMacEsq :

As for where the lawsuit can be brought, that's something that is handled as part of "venue". In short, the contract (which I understand you did not sign or authorize) will have a "choice of venue" clause.

ScottyMacEsq :

That clause means that the plaintiff will bring that breach of contract action in the court that is spelled out on the contract.

ScottyMacEsq :

As for a counter claim, it's possible, particularly in light of the fact that it's small claims court (which is more equitable than normal court), but that would still be based on fraud or abuse of process (in which you would have to show bad faith either in procuring the contract or in the attempted collection of the contract, such that they knew or should have known that she did not have the authority to sign on the business' behalf).

ScottyMacEsq :

Now it is generally understood that receptionists do not have signatory authority unless the principal clearly represents this, so it's possible that you could win a bad faith claim against the advertiser.

ScottyMacEsq :

But in short, if they do sue you, you should absolutely answer the lawsuit, file a counterclaim for their actions and bad faith in getting your receptionist to sign this contract and trying to pursue you for it (when it would be clear that they should have known that the receptionist would not have that ability).

ScottyMacEsq :

Hope that clears things up a bit. If you have any other questions, please let me know. If not, and you have not yet, please rate my answer AND press the "submit" button, if applicable. Please note that I don't get any credit for my answer unless and until you rate it a 3, 4, 5 (good or better). Thank you, XXXXX XXXXX luck to you!

ScottyMacEsq and 10 other Legal Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 3 years ago.


Thank you Scott for enlightening answer,


Do I have to file the counter claim in the same court?

Yes. It would be part of your answer. You could also try to beat them to the punch and file in small claims court in your own county (to get what's known as a "declaratory judgment" saying that you don't owe anything). If you file first, they still might try to file and invoke the venue clause, but if you didn't agree to the contract in the first place, they couldn't hold that against you.