That would depend on the context of the encounter with the officer. If the officer had reasonable suspicion of criminal activity, then he would be permitted to request identifying information, including a social security number. For example, if an officer observed someone wearing dark clothing, walking around a closed business late at night and looking into the windows, he would be able to ask that person for his information.
Now then, if the officer was just randomly stopping people and requesting their information, there would be no legal requirement to comply and the person could refuse to cooperate and walk away. Please note though, it would not be unlawful for the officer to request the information in such a situation, it would only be unlawful for him to require it in such a situation.
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thanks for the answer i was walking my dog which i called and held during questioning i do this nightly in jogging pants i advised the officer that i lived in the only house on this end of the street and that i could retrieve id by simply walking fifty feet and knock on the door. I verified my address and am sitting there holding a 98 lb dog if these details still fit within the context of your answer please advise
As is often the case, I would suggest that this is a close call. If the area is properly lighted, you were walking in a normal fashion on the road or sidewalk and otherwise not doing anything one might consider suspicious, then I would suggest that the offer had not basis to require identification.
Conversely, if the area is dark, you were walking close to homes and doing anything that might be considered suspicious, then the officer likely would have had reasonable suspicion of criminal activity and would be permitted to require identification.
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