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If the lawyer did not provide the policy and it was provided to him by his client, the attorney is not liable for the policy being fake. HOWEVER, this does not absolve the attorney from not having to return your funds to you based on the policy being fake first and foremost. Second, and more importantly, the reason the attorney should be liable is not because this only happened to you, but because there are 2 other people who were involved and the attorney knew or should have known and arguably was an active participant in this scam and not merely the innocent conduit for his client. Had it only been a one time deal then the attorney has a right to rely on the client telling him this was a valid insurance policy, but here there have been other occurrences which under the rules of professional conduct would have caused the attorney to know or should have known to conduct due diligence in the matter to verify the policies and this can be grounds for being disbarred.
You have to attack this on two grounds. First, with the bar because of this not being the first time with this client and the same scam and he failed to conduct any due diligence knowing there were previous issues (which leads a reasonable person to believe he is actually involved in the scam and an attorney cannot assist clients in illegal activities). Second, you really need to sue him and his client both in GA and seek the return of the money he was holding in escrow for you.
In addition to this attack, you need to file a complaint for fraud and unfair and deceptive practices with the GA Attorney General
for a criminal investigation into his conduct and the conduct of his clients.
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