I think what you are getting at is what happens when an attorney submits a pleading to court when there are no grounds to support the position or argument set forth in the pleading.
These are referred to as "Rule 11" violations.
You can review Massachusetts Civil Procedure
Rule 11 here:http://www.lawlib.state.ma.us/source/mass/rules/civil/mrcp11.html
The relevant portion of Civil Rule 11 (a) states: "The signature of an attorney to a pleading constitutes a certificate by him that he has read the pleading; that to the best of his knowledge, information, and belief there is a good ground to support it
; and that it is not interposed for delay." [Emphasis added].
If you can show that grounds exist for an assertion or argument advanced by a pleading, you can ask the court to impose sanctions upon the attorney who signed the pleading pursuant to Civil Rule 11.
I hope that I have finally answered your question, if not please let me know. Also please let me know if you have more questions or need more information.
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