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socrateaser
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Good Afternoon: This question is in reference to the US Virginia

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Good Afternoon:
This question is in reference to the US Virginia State Law:

A circuit court judge's order in a civil suit is automatically recorded as a judgment in the circuit court clerk's office. Orders of general district court judges are automatically recorded as judgments in the general district court clerk's office. Although all judgments are permanently archived, general district court judgments remain valid for 10 years from the date of the judgment, and circuit court judgments remain valid for 20 years from the date of the judgment.

Can you please tell me what is the difference between a General District Court and a Circuit Court Judgment. The Judgment received was from the United States District Court. We than went to Appeal and the Judgment was affirmed through the UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT. Is the Fourth Circuit Court a Circuit Court? And because the Original Judgment came from the United States District Court, which applies please. 10 Years or 20 Years.

Thank You very much.
Hello,

The U.S. District and Circuit Court of Appeals are federal courts. Virginia Circuit and District courts are state courts. The courts are not part of the same legal jurisdiction, and while they cooperate with each other in certain matters, there is no legal connection between a state district and federal district court, or a state circuit and state district court.

The hierarchy of state courts is that circuit courts are above district courts. The same hierarchy exists in federal courts. However, because federal courts are superior to state courts, a federal district court can exercise authority over a state circuit court on matters of federal (but not state) law.

Yes, it's confusing as hell, and it gets worse, but there's no reason to consider further ramifications.

For purposes of your question, a federal district court judgment, which is apparently what you have, has a 20 year enforcement life. The judgment can be domesticated by the state circuit or district court, which could limit enforcement under state law. However, because the judgment would remain enforceable under federal law, if the state law enforcement authorities were to refuse to enforce after 10 years, the judgment creditor could use the federal marshal to enforce the judgment for the remaining 10 years.

Please let me know if I can clarify or further assist.
Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Just to be clear this part - "A circuit court judge's order in a civil suit is automatically recorded as a judgment in the circuit court clerk's office. Orders of general district court judges are automatically recorded as judgments in the general district court clerk's office. Although all judgments are permanently archived, general district court judgments remain valid for 10 years from the date of the judgment, and circuit court judgments remain valid for 20 years from the date of the judgment." was copied from the Virginia Website. The Judgement received was from the Alexandria District Court. Is this a Federal Judgement or State Judgement? How would I know if it is Federal or State? Thank you again.

If the judgment states: "United States District Court Eastern District of Virginia," in the title at the top of the judgment, then it is a federal district court judgment. If the judgment states: "Alexandria General District Court," in the title at the top of the judgment, then it is a state district court judgment.

Hope this helps.
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