My name is XXXXX XXXXX I'd be happy to answer your questions today.
Either person in those situations could appeal throughout the courts all the way to the state
Supreme Court. In most states, a party must apply to the Supreme Court to have the case heard - it is not automatic. That means that a person cannot automatically argue his case before the Supreme Court.
To get before the Supreme Court of the United States, a person must apply for a writ of certiorari
. The Court will not review a state court decision that is based entirely on principles of state law. There would have to be federal constitutional principles involved to take a case from the state Supreme Court to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Most negligence cases are based on state law, not federal, and therefore likely would not make it before the Supreme Court. There could be an exception if the case was filed in federal court
because the parties were citizens of different states and the case was asking for more than $75,000.
The same is true of the coach, with the caveat
that it depends on why he is fired. If he was fired due to discrimination or under the federal whistle blower statue, he theoretically could get before the Supreme Court of the United States.