There are several laws which prohibit this. The most important are:
The Third Amendment to the United States Constitution
"No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."
This prevents the government from using your property without your consent.
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution which states:
"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
This prevents the government from coming onto your property or seizing your property without probable cause.
The Fifth Amendment:
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury
, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."
This means you cannot have your property taken without just compensation and without there being a legal proceeding where you are given your right to protest and have the right to a trial.
Section 1 of the 14th Amendment, which states:
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
This means that the state government cannot take your property without proving they are entitled to it in a court of law pursuant to fair law and without giving you compensation.
These are the basic laws which protect your property rights. Please let me know if you have further questions. Please also rate my answer positively as I am not compensated by the website for my work on your question until you do.