If you are being sued for a civil claim by the state, then the dismissal is without prejudice. If it is a criminal complaint
, then it is with prejudice for misdeamenors but not aggravated misdeamenors or felonies.
Iowa Rule of Civil Procedure 1.944 clearly states that a dismissal for want of prosecution is without prejudice:
"1.944(2) All cases at law or in equity where the petition has been filed more than one year prior
to July 15 of any year shall be tried prior to January 1 of the next succeeding year. The clerk shall
prior to August 15 of each year give notice to counsel of record as provided in rule 1.442 of the
docket number, the names of parties, counsel appearing, and date of filing petition. The notice shall
state that such case will be subject to dismissal if not tried prior to January 1 of the next succeeding
year pursuant to this rule. All such cases shall be assigned and tried or dismissed without prejudice
at plaintiff’s costs unless satisfactory reasons for want of prosecution or grounds for continuance be
shown by application and ruling thereon after notice and not ex parte"
In your case you are talking about the state having a claim against you. If it is a civil claim and the case has been dismissed for want of prosecution, then it is without prejudice as stated above.
However, if the State is bringing a criminal complaint against you, then the dismissal for want of prosecution falls under the Iowa Rules of Criminal Procedure, which clearly state that such a dismissal is a bar to further prosecution as follows:
"2.33(1) Dismissal generally; effect. The court, upon its own motion or the application of the
prosecuting attorney, in the furtherance of justice, may order the dismissal of any pending criminal
prosecution, the reasons therefor being stated in the order and entered of record, and no such
prosecution shall be discontinued or abandoned in any other manner. Such a dismissal is a bar to
another prosecution for the same offense if it is a simple or serious misdemeanor
; but it is not a bar
if the offense charged be a felony or an aggravated misdemeanor."
I hope this clears the issue up for you.