My name is Lucy and I'd be happy to answer your questions today. I'm sorry to hear that this happened.
The starting point here is to look at your lease. If there is a clause in the lease that states that you agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the NY courts, that is binding on you - and that essentially ends the personal jurisdiction discussion.
If there is no such clause, you are subject to jurisdiction in New York if you live or work in New York, or own property there. You may also be subject to jurisdiction if you have sufficient "minimum contacts" with the state of New York, and the lawsuit arises out of those contacts. Minimum contacts may include reaching out to a NY company to do business. If you were in NY physically when you entered the contract
, that would give the NY courts jurisdiction over you. If you solicited the company's business, knowing that's where they are located, that's something the courts will look at. They'll also look at the number of telephone calls, emails, letters, and other correspondence directed at NY. If you happened to be physically in NY when you were served with notice of the suit, that's another thing, but it doesn't sound like that's the case.
If, after looking at all of the facts, the judge concludes that you have no connection with NY that would allow the state to exercise jurisdiction over you, he can dismiss the case and require the plaintiff to refile in Maryland. It's a very fact-specific analysis. Read over some of the factors I've mentioned, and if you have any questions (and there's no forum clause in the lease), let me know. I'm happy to clarify or answer any follow-ups.
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