It was up to you to raise that issue in your case and it was up to you as defendant to raise all of these issues in defense to the claim. Legally, once he alleges you owe the money, as a defendant you have the right to demand proof of the debt. This includes demanding the proper contract, an itemized statement showing the work done and putting on your own witness to contradict and dispute his claims that any such work was done.
What many people do not grasp in representing themselves in court is that it is based on them presenting the evidence to the court properly, since the court is not bound to dig up the evidence on their own. Thus, if he was presenting improper evidence, it was for you to object and present evidence to the contrary to the court and if you do not do so, then the court has no choice but to just consider what he presented.
You need to bring your contract copy to the attorney, proof of what you paid him, a report from the other contractor you used to assist in fixing what he did not do, itemized bills for all of the work you performed and anything else you have related to the job he failed to perform so that the attorney can introduce all of this in the court to prove his claim invalid.
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