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As long as the company is not related to your current employer's business and you did not start/maintain it with your employer's resources, then your employer would have no right to claim an ownership interest.
You must be careful not to spend any company time engaging in work for the side business.
A few emails and web hits on the company PC isn't going to matter, but, going forward ,you should avoid that as much as possible.
As long as you can show that you used your own funds/resources to start the company and that the start occurred before your current employment, I would not be concerned.
However, I also would not want the company to sign any forms, as I would not want to alert them to the issue. There's no reason to alert them and doing so might indicate to them, falsely, that there is a reason.
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I am based in Pennsylvania and would like to know applicability there. Lastly, I can't help but maybe send out a few emails during work time using my smartphone. Is this okay?
Yes. The above analysis is based on Pennsylvania law.
As long as you use your own equipment and personal email address, that is fine.
The amount of time devoted to personal work during your employer's time can become significant, but you are indicating that it wouldn't.
This, in addition to the facts that you started the company prior to employment, it is unrelated to employer's core business, and you don't use employer's resources in starting/maintaining the personal business activity means that the employer has no legal right to assert against your separate and personal business interests.