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Here is the code for Georgia which you would need either a doctor or police officer to initiate it.
In Georgia, the maximum duration of emergency treatment prior to a hearing varies depending upon the specific circumstances. If a police officer takes the person directly to an emergency receiving facility, he could be held up to 23 days. If a physician initiates a certificate for treatment or a police officer takes a person to a physician for certification, the maximum potential days before a hearing is 21 (GCA §§ 37-3-64; 37-3-81). During this confinement period, a physician examines the patient to determine mental stability.
Any physician may cause a person to be committed in an emergency by executing a certificate, which states that he examined the person within the preceding 48 hours and found that he appeared to be a mentally ill person requiring involuntary treatment (GCA § 37-3-41(a)). A police officer may take a person to a physician for an emergency examination if (1) the person is committing a crime and (2) the peace officer has probable cause for believing that the person is mentally ill and in need of involuntary treatment (GCA § 37-3-42 (a)).
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