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SECTION 44-78-15. Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Do not resuscitate order for emergency services" means a document made in accordance with this article to prevent EMS personnel from employing resuscitative measures or any other medical process that would only extend the patient's suffering with no viable medical reason to perform the procedure;
(2) "EMS personnel" means emergency medical personnel certified by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, and for purposes of this chapter, "EMS personnel" includes first responders who have completed a Department of Health and Environmental Control approved medical first responder program;
(3) "Health care provider" means a person licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to Title 40, Chapter 47;
(4) "Palliative treatment" means the degree of treatment which must be provided to a patient in the routine delivery of emergency medical services, which assures the comfort and alleviation of pain and suffering to all extents possible, regardless of whether the patient has executed a document as provided for in this chapter;
(5) "Resuscitative treatment" means artificial stimulation of the cardiopulmonary systems of the human body, through either electrical, mechanical, or manual means including, but not limited to, cardiopulmonary resuscitation;
(6) "Terminal condition" means an incurable or irreversible condition that within reasonable medical judgment could cause death within a reasonably short period of time if life sustaining procedures are not used.
SECTION 44-78-20. Terminal patient may request health care provider to execute "do not resuscitate order for emergency services"; conditions.
A patient who has a terminal condition or a surrogate for a patient with a terminal condition under the Adult Health Care Consent Act or an agent of a person with a terminal condition named by the patient in a Health Care Power of Attorney may request a health care provider responsible for the care of the patient to execute a "do not resuscitate order for emergency services" if the following conditions apply:
(1) the patient has a terminal condition;
(2) the terminal condition has been diagnosed by a health care provider and the health care provider's record establishes the time, date, and medical condition which gives rise to the diagnosis of a terminal condition.
By contrast, you do not write a DNR order for yourself. Instead, you make your wishes known to your physician, who writes a DNR order if and when your condition warrants it. The DNR order addresses your current state of health and the kind of medical treatment you and your physician decide is appropriate under current circumstances.
Generally, a DNR order will also only deal with no use of CPR, whereas a living will goes much further, and provides that a person, if deemed terminal should not have various treatments of their choosing (for example, some people want no amputations done, others want no food and water, just pain medication, others want just hydration and pain medication, etc).
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