Hello again Babeecakes!
Let me add some additional insight to your question.
Plea bargaining is the process of negotiating a verdict
and sentence without a complete trial.
Benefits to plea bargaining include the fact that it "rewards" a defendant for admitting fault by giving the defendant a lighter sentence than if the defendant actually proceeded to trial and was found guilty. Sometimes charges may be dropped in exchange for a plea agreement. Another benefit is that it helps reduce time-consuming trials and is useful at promoting efficiency of the judicial system, which benefits everyone.
A negative aspect of plea bargaining is that it can be viewed as effectively "punishing" a defendant for exercising his or her constitutional right to a trial. Similarly and accordingly, it may persuade an individual who is not guilty to enter a plea bargain simply to avoid the risk of going to trial. Another disadvantage is that if a criminal is actually guilty of his or her crime, then perhaps it is not in the best interest of justice to give such an individual a reduced sentence. Another disadvantage of plea bargaining is that a defendant usually waives his or her right to an appeal at a later date, so an individual is generally stuck with such a plea bargain after entering into one.
I hope this helps, and as always, please let me know if you have any follow-up questions!
Also, if you start your question with "To HPlawyer", other attorneys will typically not answer your question.
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