Hi there... Let me see if I can help here....
Basically, in the State of New York the small claims court is a simple, inexpensive and informal court where an individual can sue for money only, up to $5,000, without a lawyer. Claims for more than $5,000 may not be brought in a small claims court; they must be brought in another part of the court or in a different court. Since the small claims court hears suits for money only, you cannot sue in small claims court to force a person or business to fix a damaged item or to make a person or business fulfill a promise made in an dvertisement, and you cannot sue for pain and suffering.
Therefore, if you are suing to collect monetary damages under $5,000, you can file a suit for libel, slander or defamation. If you are suing for some kind of retraction or other non-monetary recovery, small claims court would not be the forum for you.
The information given here is not legal advice. As all states have different intricacies in their laws, the information given is general only. This communication does not establish an attorney-client relationship with you. I hope this answer has been helpful to you.