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You would simply have a case based on negligence resulting in property damage. This is a common law (based on case law) doctrine.
Depending on the amount of damages, you may want to sue in small claims court to keep costs down. The clerk of that court can provide you with the forms you need to file a complaint.
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I can view it now. I cannot provide you with a specific case on point without a legal database search, which I cannot give you access to. However, it would be a known hazard on the property and negligence in failing to remove the hazard, especially after the store had notice of previous property damage resulting from the known hazard.
This would not be a case of gross negligence, but of simple negligence, with a failure of the store's duty to remove known hazards from their property, resulting in property damage to you.
If you were insured, your auto insurance company should attempt to collect damages from the store.
All the best to you.