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Sure. You can adopt an adult and it is commonly done so that the person can take from the estate as an heir.
The natural father will have to be notified though.
Yes, and adult can be adopted in every state. If you cannto find the father, you can publish by notice in the newspaper.
There is a prescribed statutory form for the notice... you basically publish in his last known address in the newspaper. The newspaper will know the format, but yes, it includes his name and her name and the cause of action.
This is after you file the Petition for Adoption of an Adult, and before the final determination by the court
Here is the entire code: http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3107
I am sorry, I was unaware of the OH qualification for an adult child... I have never seen that in another State.
You would have to make an argument that the significant other falls into the step-parent catagory. Since Ohio does not recognize common law marriage, it will be up to your individual judge whether to grant the Petition. The law is meant to stop friends from adopting each other to gain inheritance rights, etc... not to prevent circumstances like yours. You could make a solid argument that the intent of law is not violated by allowing the adoption to happen, as the significant other was standing "in loco parentis".
You are definately going to need a lawyer for this, and even then, it is far from a sure thing.