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As your job locates in the Florida - Florida state laws apply. - http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=Ch0448/titl0448.htm&StatuteYear=2007&Title=%2D%3E2007%2D%3EChapter%20448
Florida doesn't have a Department of labor (DOL). Agency for Workforce Innovation oversees Wage and Hour issues since the State DOL was shut down. A toll-free number for labor law questions - 1-800-342-3450. - http://dlis.dos.state.fl.us/fgils/laborlaw.html Other contact information - http://www.floridajobs.org/about%20awi/awi_contacts.html
The Wage and Hour Division (WHD) of US Department of Labor is responsible for administering and enforcing some of our nation's most comprehensive labor laws - see Florida District Office Locations and contact information here - http://www.dol.gov/esa/contacts/whd/america2.htm#Florida
There is no such law that requires employers to provide vacation time or paid for it. However, since employers establish the vacation policy - they must follow.
These benefits are matters of agreement between an employer and an employee. In general the employer may set a procedure of taking a vacation and may deny the vacation based on the business needs.
In general, the employer is not obligated to pay for accumulated vacation time if the employee quits or is terminated, however if the employer's prevented timely use of vacation time - as in your situation - compensation for accumulated vacation time would be required.