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Paint typically has a shelf life of 3-4 years. A landlord usually wouldn't be able to charge a tenant for repainting after 8 years of residence. Similarly, rental property carpet usually has a 5 year lifespan. If you want to be able to deduct for damage to the carpet, you have to be able to prove it was supposed to last longer (which means producing the original paperwork). You'd also have to prorate - the tenant wouldn't be liable for the full cost of a brand new carpet. If the appliances were taken or are not working, those would also be prorated based on how old they were and how long they're supposed to last. Those are the wear and tear issues that tend to come up most regularly. If you can tell me specifically what items you're looking at, I should be able to give you more information.
Nail holes are usually considered reasonable wear and tear. A stain on the carpet is damage. You're allowed to charge for the cost of having it cleaned.
Some leases require a tenant to pay for full carpet cleaning. Check to see if yours does. If not, just the cost of having the stain removed.
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