Ask a landlord-tenant lawyer and get answers ASAP
I'm Lucy, and I'd be happy to answer your questions today. I'm sorry to hear that this happened.
If the court date is after July 30, and you pay before that, the case against you should be dismissed. But you'll want to call the courthouse the day before, just in case. If the landlord doesn't cancel the case after you pay, and you don't go to court, the judge will automatically enter a judgment against you (he won't know that you paid). You should be able to get the judgment removed, but it could be more of a hassle than going to court and showing evidence that you paid. A judgment will also be reported on your credit, and you'll have to get it removed.
How much one late month will affect your credit depends on a variety of factors, including your current credit rating and whether your landlord reports it (many don't). The best way to get an estimate of what a late payment will do is to look at www.creditkarma.com (which is a free service).
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The only thing you need to do at this point is to make the payment.
Or, if you gave a security deposit, they should deduct the late rent from that and you wouldn't have to pay anything.
Did you have any other questions about this?