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I am sorry for this dilemma.
Frankly, the best way to approach this is through the HOA board. The HOA board of directors has the power to modify its polices and can regulate this. If you can convince the board to adopt such a regulation, that would alleviate the need for you to go to court.
But if the board is unwilling to adopt such a policy?
You can file a lawsuit for nuisance.
Under the common law, persons in possession of real property (land owners, lease holders etc) are entitled to the quiet enjoyment of their lands.
If a neighbor interferes with that quiet enjoyment, either by creating smells, sounds, pollution or any other hazard that extends past the boundaries of the property, the affected party may make a claim in nuisance.
Here, your claim would be against the person who is creating this nuisance...smoking and impacting your ability to enjoy your property.
The key will be proof.
Proof of BOTH the underlying claim (that they are smoking so much it is impacting you) and the damages (how this has impacted you).
Proof can be made in many ways. You can testify to what has happened. Video/audio can be very helpful...if you can capture some video, that can help show the court what is going on exactly. Or have a neighbor come by so they can experience and testify about this
Please let me know if you have more questions. I am happy to help if I can. Otherwise, please rate the answer so I may get credit for my work.