OK; thank you.
It is the property owner, not the tenant, that is responsible for the upkeep of the road. Generally there is a legal document that is in place that requires the owners to contribute to its maintenance. This can be via an oral or written agreement, a covenant, a Homeowner's association agreement, etc.
If there is no agreement/deed restriction or other formal arrangement, then any agreement needs to be mutually agreed upon by the parties.
There are a couple of options involving assessments, where the county will get involved and assess the property owners, but this requires approval by at least 2/3 of the current owners (owners, not tenants). (for specifics, please see: file:///C:/Users/Generic/Downloads/B_private_road_maint.pdf)
If there is in fact an agreement, deed restriction etc, the party trying to force the maintenance/repairs can bring a lawsuit seeking a declaratory judgment, and requesting a monetary judgment to pay for the repairs. This can be brought in small claims if the damages are less than $10,000 - http://www.nccourts.org/courts/trial/sclaims/ ( a link on the left of the URL is to the small claims guide)
Since the non resident owners own property in the state, the state's courts may exercise jurisdiction over those owners, and if a judgment is successfully obtained, a lien can be placed on the property.
Since owners of property may be liable for civil damages if injuries or property damage occurs as a result of a failure to maintain a road, it is generally beneficial to all owners to at least agree to minimal repairs.
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