Hello, my name is ***** ***** I will be the immigration attorney helping you today.
Here are the general ways that someone can try to immigrate to the US.
Here are the options:
1. The most common way is through a person's family. This must be through only close relatives that must be US citizen or legal permanent residents who petitions the person. These would be his/her spouse, parent or child if they are 21 and over, or also through a sibling... If the person has one of those in the US, they can petition for the person to come to the US but there is usually still a wait time, in some cases many years.
2. The next way is through a job/employment. For a green card it depends on your educational background and experience but most commonly you will need at least a Bachelor's degree. Most importantly you would need a job offer a company that is willing to petition for your green card because it is costly. The company has to pay you (the person) the "prevailing wage" for your position and must show that it can afford your wage and has a need for your position and that he studied that field or has experience. That company has to go through a process called Labor Certification.which begins with proving to the US Dept of Labor that you would not be taking a job away from a US citizen or resident in the US. For this, the less experience and education you have the more difficult and longer this will take to have a green card available and you cannot wait here inside the while you wait for a green card to be available.
3. Investing in the US is another way to get your green card here. If you can invest at least $500,000 in a company in the US, there is a special green card program.
You would also have to create 10 or more jobs for U.S. workers through this investment.
4. The next way is applying for asylum.
You must prove that if you returned to your home country, you will be persecuted there on account of your religion, race, nationality, religion, or membership in a particular social group.
You would have to show that you would be persecuted for the reasons I listed. It has to be something that is happening only to you or a small group and not to the general population. You would have to apply for this within 1 year of entering the US.
5. The last is through the diversity visa ( which is a lottery). Here is more information on that. http://www.uscis.gov/green-card/other-ways-get-green-card/green-card-through-diversity-immigration-visa-program/green-card-through-diversity-immigrant-visa-program
Depending if the person wants a temporary visa instead to come for a temporary time there are other options. These will not get you a green card.
The most common work visa is the H1B visa. For this, you also need a job offer but it must be for a specialized position in the area where you have your bachelor's degree. The problem is you cannot apply for this until April 2017 and you cannot begin work until October 2017 if you are approved.
Another work visa option is the L1. For this, you would have to have a job offer from a company here in the US that you have worked for in their affiliate company in a foreign country at least 1 year in the last 3 years. You don't have to wait for 2017 to apply for this. The company must be sending you to the US as an executive or managerial position or with specialized knowledge.
There is also the E-1/E-2 visa to invest but not for a green card. You will need usually at least $150,000 in the US in a business (not a home) to be approved and you can live in the US while you run it but the business must produce more than just to provide for your family.
There are also options such as the F-1 visa for students, which require admittance to a university in the US.
Good luck to you and I hope this answer has helped you!
Please kindly remember to leave a POSITIVE RATING now before you leave this page by choosing from the STARS. This is very important since it is how I receive credit for my service from what you paid. If you don't leave a rating, I receive no credit for my time.
If you are not satisfied with my answer or if I did not understand your question correctly, please ask me for clarification and I will be glad to clarify. Your satisfaction is my goal.
Also the question will NOT close after you rate me even though it says "To Finish.." So after rating me, feel free to ask me any follow up questions at no additional cost, don't worry. Any bonus you wish to provide will be very appreciated.
If you have other NEW questions in the future, you can make sure that I answer it for you if you start your new question post with the words "FOR JENNIFER " or write it in the Subject Line.