Immigration Law Questions? Ask an Immigration Lawyer.
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If you can present proof of a real connection to this political group such that there is a direct possibility that you would be wrongfully punished or harmed should you return to your country, then you could apply for and qualify for asylum. If you apply for asylum, you would not lose your F-1 status until your asylum is approved, it would be a change of status to get you resident status under asylum as opposed to your current F-1 status.