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I will assume that she has at least a bachelor's degree as far as education goes. The information on the H-1B is basically that she must have a job offer, the job offer must be for a company that is offering a position that is related to her degree and experience. The position must also normally require a bachelors degree or higher. The company must have a need for someone in that position and must have the resources to be able to pay her what is normally paid to someone in that position. All these things must be provable with financials, business plan, etc. Also, because they are used up for this year, she will need to apply on April 1, 2016 to start working on October 1, 2016 or later. The exception is if she applies for a cap-exempt job and those are at an institution of higher education or its affiliated or related nonprofit entities or a nonprofit research organization, or a government research organization. Those are not subject to this numerical cap.
Here is a link:
If she doesn't have the education and experience to meet the minimum for an H-1B, there is also the H-2B, but those are used up for the year as well and the less experience and education she has, the harder it is to get a visa. This is because there is a higher chance that there would be a U.S. worker available for that position and she cannot come into the U.S. to work and displace a U.S. worker. The problem with the H-2B is that she cannot have immigrant intent which she does because of the I-130, so the H-2B would probably be denied, but not so with the H-1B that allows dual intent.
Similarly, the F-1 student visa and J-1 exchange visa also require non-immigrant intent, so with a pending I-130, most likely those would be denied as well.
So unless she has high enough education or has around $100,000 or more to invest, really she either has to wait, or she could apply for Refugee status if she could prove that she was in danger f persecution because of her race, nationality, religion, social group or political opinion. Here is a link:
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