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Can my daughter apply for an N600 from Australia and how does she prove citizenship or would she be better applying for a passport.
She can, if she receives citizenship from her father. For this, check the nuanced facts under the chart HERE and see if her situation fits. Note that she can fall under more than one scenario - provided she satisfies at least one, that is what matters.
She will need an N-600 approved in most cases to confirm that she is a US citizen, before she can apply for a US passport.
What documents would be required for either circumstance.
Assuming she is applying for the N-600, she'd need:
-birth certificate with her father's name listed on it
-her father's proof of US Citizenship (i.e. copy of US passport bio page)
-affidavits from mother and father confirming that she is their child.
Does her citizen fathers physical presence in the US after her birth (when he joined the army) help?
Her father is not participating in the process, how do we overcome this?
I am sorry to say that this is difficult. While USCIS can process the N-600 without his affidavit, a copy of his US Passport page is required. If this is impossible to get, then the next best thing would be a certified copy of an Australian court custody/support order that lists him as the father. The point is to show that he is the legal, biological father of the child. The proof can vary, but must be clear.
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