Hello my name is ***** ***** I am delighted to answer your questions today. I have 35 years experience as an immigration lawyer.
Yes, your son't girlfriend must enter the US within one year or by law she automatically looses her permanent resident status.
The only way she could get it back is if she qualifies for a returning resident visa. That means she has to show that when she left she had plans to return to the US and some unforeseen circumstance out of her control prevented her from returning. It is a $180 fee to apply.
She must also submit supporting documents that show the following:
- Dates of travel outside of the United States (Examples: airline tickets, passport stamps, etc.)
- Proof of your ties to the United States and your intention to return (Examples: tax returns, and evidence of economic, family, and social ties to the United States)
- Proof that your protracted stay outside of the United States was for reasons beyond your control (Examples: medical incapacitation, employment with a U.S. company, etc.)
These are not easy to get.
Here is the link to the website for the Dept of State which gives all the details of how she would qualify and what documents she has to present to satisfy a consular officer of her lack of intent to abandon status.
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