My apologies for the slight delay. I am working with several customers at the same time, and when you posted your follow-up, your question went to the bottom of my first come, first served list.
Unfortunately, I cannot review your contract to tell you whether you can change your job, based on the contents of the agreement. That is an employment contract question. Same goes for the non-compete provision. I can say that generally, most states allow for the enforcement of non-complete clauses, unless it creates an unreasonable restriction on your employment. In most cases, that comes up when a noted geographic region is too general or large. To say that you cannot work with any competitor in the US for 12 months seems like too large a geographic region. Therefore, I find it hard to believe a court would find that provision enforceable, due to unreasonable restrictions.
As far as changing employers now, that is a complicated question, and there is no black or white, yes or no answer. Technically you can leave immediately. But keep in mind that one of the requirements for getting a green card through employment is that you must intend to work for the I-140
petitioner indefinitely. However because slavery is illegal, you can't be forced to do that forever. The counter to that is, the USCIS can and often does look back at the sequence of events following issuance of your permanent resident status to determine your indefinite employment intent during the sponsorship process. If you leave too quickly after getting the green card, the USCIS can infer that you intended to leave after you got your green card, and therefore you did not qualify for the employment based sponsorship from the beginning. That could end up with a retroactive revocation of your green card. And this looking back can even take place when you apply for naturalization
There is no specific amount of time that you have to be with an employer to be safe. Some people say 6 months is enough, but I always advise people to wait at least 1 year. Of course if the company folds during that time or your employment is terminated, you are not held to that standard.
I know these issues can be confusing. If you want to talk on the phone for a fee, I can send you an offer for that.
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