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There is only one way to bring them to the US - to petition for them to come and then once the petition is approved, for them to use the approved petition as the basis for their immigrant visas
to the US. With this process, once they enter the US, they immediately become permanent residents, with one exception, which I'll explain later.
The process is simple. You have to submit form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, for each family member separately.
Once this is approved, it will go to the National Visa Center, where it will be reviewed, and you will be asked to submit an Affidavit of Support with the fee.
After processing at the NVC, the case will go to the US consulate
closest to where they live. They will be required to submit an immigrant visa application with fees. They also will undergo medical examinations and your wife will undergo an immigrant visa interview.
Once the visa application is approved and the visas are issued in the passports, they are eligible to travel to the US as immigrant. Upon entering the US, they will be considered permanent residents, and will get their green cards
i the mail in about 4 to 6 weeks.
That whole process will take about 9 to 12 months, sometimes a little less.
There is one way to get them here sooner. It is called the K3
spousal visa. This is the exception I mentioned above. Once you've submitted the I-130 on their behalf, you will receive a I-797 REceipt Notice. With this, you can file form I-129F, Petition for Alien Fiance. I realize it is called a fiance form, but it is also used for the K3/K4 spousal visa and spousal dependent visa. This should take about 6 weeks to complete, sand if approved, they will be able to come to the US and await the completion of the I-130 petition and can then apply for adjustment of status instead of the process I have mentioned above, through the US consulate. The K3/K4 process takes approximately 6 to 9 months to complete.
There is one big problem with this process, though. The K3/K4 visas were created to help families be together at a time when the I-130 petition was taking a very long time to complete processing. Naturally, once the I-130 petition is approved, there is no use for the K3/K4 visas. So if the I-130 is approved before the consulate issues the K3/K4 visas, then the alien is no longer eligible for it. Currently it is not taking as long for the I-130 to get processed. So it is not very often that a K3/K4 visa is issued anymore. But sometimes it still is, so you might get lucky.
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