1.) filing H1B transfer, is as simple as sending a form (electronically) to USCIS? I only need a filing receipt, and I am good to start with the new employer? That really means, in the space of a day this should be achieved, right?
No. It is like filing a whole new H-1B. You just mark transfer. But USCIS has to receive it for you to be able to start working for the new employer.
2.) Government Shutdown - will that have an effect on the filing of the transfer?
Honestly, I don't know as the last thing that I filed for a client with USCIS was about a week or two ago. It would probably affect processing, slow it down, but not receipt of the file.
3.) Once filed for a H1B transfer, what are the chances of not being approved? You mentioned, once I have been terminated by the current employer, I am automatically good to work for the new one? But still pending the approval?
I cannot tell you what your chances or are approval. You are automatically good to work for the new one as soon as USCIS receives the new H-1B transfer application. Obviously if you are eventually denied, you are in trouble. You would have to appeal or leave the U.S. and apply from outside of the U.S. If you appeal, you can continue to stay in the U.S. I don't think you would be denied as long as you and the company meet all the requirements.
4.) Will the fact that I will be working as a specialist workforce H1B immigrant limit the ability to file for a green card as a senior manager of the new firm?
As long as you qualify for the position, and you actually then work in that position when the Residency is approved, it should not be a problem.
5.) Is it true, that as the position for the green card is a senior management position, the process will be shortened, and there is no need for the process with the Department of Labor, and for the recruitment process to see if a US person can be found to fill the position?
No. That is not true. All EB-2 categories need a Labor Certification except the National Interest Waiver. If you are talking about EB-1, you have to have worked for 1 year out of the last 3 years for the company outside of the U.S. that is related to the company inside of the U.S. That's just one of the requirements, of course.
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