Hello, my name is Judith. Thank you for this opportunity to answer your questions.
Have you consulted with the Consul General of the Egyptian Embassy on obtaining an emergency travel document?
I am sorry that your mother has taken ill. I understand the urgency of needing to travel there to check on her.
However, you are not a US citizen and have no grounds for a travel document. The US only issues "white passports" = travel documents to people who are stateless, such as those granted asylum.
You are a citizen of Egypt despite having adopted the US as your home and they are the government who has to issue you your renewed passport. Here is the link to the web page on their website
You will need to contact them first thing tomorrow morning and explain to them the urgency of your situation and find out the procedures for them to issue you an emergency travel document.
Please let me know if I can answer any further questions for you about applying for naturalization as a US citizen. You cannot do that quickly enough to travel to see your ill mother, but it may be something you want to consider applying for.
Stateless means that you have no country you can call your own such as being a refugee who cannot return to their country.
Asylum is when you seek the protection of the US to be allowed to stay here because if you return to your country of citizenship you would be persecuted based on your race, religion, or political beliefs.
Neither of those situations fit you. You are a US permanent resident.
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