If this is an initial H1B, then you cannot be hired within 6 months. H1B's for fiscal year 2014 have reached the maximum number and are no longer being issued. The cap opens up again on April 1, 2014 (or the first Monday after). If your H1B application is chosen for the quota for fiscal year 2015, it will be reviewed, and your earliest start date would be October 1, 2014.
Keeping that in mind, I'll answer your original questions, based on what the current law requires. Keep in mind that immigration
reform is currently being considered by congress, so this potentially could change by next to year. It isn't likely, but it is possible.
In order to be eligible for an H1B, the job must be in a specialty occupation, which requires at least a bachelor's degree or equivalent, and theoretical and practical application of a body of specialized knowledge. Your attorney can help you argue that the position is in a specialty occupation.
The employer must get an approved labor condition application from the Department of Labor. They will submit the approval along with form I-129, Petition for Alien Worker.
You'll need an employment letter from the employer, describing the duties and responsibilities of the position, experience letter from past employers, proof of US bachelor's degree or equivalent degree or experience, financial statements for employer for last 2 years, and fees.
You can find all of the required information here: http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.5af9bb95919f35e66f614176543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=4b7cdd1d5fd37210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD&vgnextchannel=73566811264a3210VgnVCM100000b92ca60aRCRD
Half way down the page at the link I've sent you, you can find the information about fees.
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