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Really the only way to do this, which is through the au pair program, she would have to meet certain requirements. Age is one requirement, for example. She must be between 18 and 26 years of age.
You can find the list of requirements here:
Let me know if you have any follow up questions and I will be glad to answer them.
A student visa, but she would not be allowed to work.
Also, an H-2B visa, but the work would have to be temporary or seasonal and you would have to file a Labor Certification to prove that there are no qualified U.S. workers that can do that job.
Temporary is less than 1 year, though it can be extended in 1 year increments up to a maximum of 3 years.
No, asking around is not good enough.
A Labor Certification is done on form ETA 750, but the procedures are complicated. For instance, you must advertise the position in certain media like newspapers and the like. You are supposed to collect resumes and then eliminate the qualified candidates for valid reasons. After you prepare this report, you file everything with the Dept. of Labor. If you did everything right and can prove there are no qualified U.S. workers, they will approve the Labor Cert and then you can file for the H-2B and then if that is done correctly, that's when your nanny could get her visa.
Unfortunately, it is not an easy process at all. If you really want to go ahead with it, I recommend hiring an experienced immigration attorney. You can look at www.ailalawyer.com.
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