HVAC Questions? Ask an HVAC Expert for Answers ASAP
The meter must read microfarads (also called "capacitance")
Remove the wire/s from one side of the cap. Place one test lead on each terminal. After a few seconds the reading should display.
For instance, a 40 mfd cap, with a 105 variable, should read 36.0 to 44.0 If it is out of that range, the capacitor is technically bad. Will it continue to work? probably, for a while at least, but it will be potentially causing premature failure of the component it is supporting.
For a Dual cap.
Remove the wires from the "herm" (compressor) and "fan" side of the cap. Place one test lead on the common terminal, and one on the "herm" terminal to read that "side" of the cap, and then place that lead on the fan terminal to read that "side" of the cap.
The variable percentage is different for various capacitors, always check each one individually. If the markings are worn off, never assume the variable to be more than 10%.