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I. Sentence patterns: 2 points each
Identify the sentence pattern of each of the sentences below.
1. The thickness of the pudding decreased.
2. My accountant is a mediocre golfer.
3. The scientist designed an experiment.
4. The weasel sleeps in its den.
5. Your book is on the desk.
6. The Nationals defeated the Dodgers.
7. My cousin was singing.
8. My uncle was a Congressman.
9. The sunset was beautiful.
10. The meeting is at 11a.m.
Sentence patterns and verb tenses
Identify the verb tense (1 point) and the pattern (1 point) for each sentence below.
11. The adornments of primitive peoples astonish us.
12. They were on all the continents.
13. They were wearing pendants.
14. They were face-painters.
15. We are different.
16. We will have a good laugh.
17. One friend has tattoos.
18. Another friend had worn a nose ring.
19. We have advanced far.
III. Forms 2 points each
For the underlined part of each sentence,
a) identify it as a noun phrase or prepositional phrase
b) identify the defining constituent parts
20. Edison invented the phonograph.
21. For many years, lightning has been a leading cause of injuries.
22. The diplomat from Holland made the Belgian waffles from an old family recipe.
23. President Carter returned to Georgiaafter the election.
24. The sunrise on the lake was worthy of a prize.
25. The disobedient mule kicked the side of my wagon.
26. The comic is the popular guy at the party.
IV. Functions 2 points each
a. identify its function (adjective, adverb—or for any type of noun, subject, direct object, object of preposition, predicate nominative)
b. explain how you determined the function by 1) identifying the relevant adjacent slots and 2) explaining the relationship of the underlined words to relevant words outside the underlined portion (the questions answered in relation to the other words).
For adjectives, show where they fit in the noun phrase.
27. Artists made ceramic pottery.
28. Gramps was being an old grouch.
29. The bank is on the corner.
30. Squirrels survive winter with nuts.
31. Lightning has caused many injuries.
32. In the last century, an earthquake destroyed both Tokyo and Yokohama.
33. The disobedient mule kicked the side of my wagon.
34. The Belgian waffles are delicious.
35. The Belgian waffles are the chef’s special.
V. Forms and functions, 4 points each
c) identify its function in the sentence: adjective, adverb, subject, direct object, object of preposition, predicate nominative
d) explain how you determined the function by 1) identifying the relevant adjacent slots and 2) explaining the relationship of the underlined words to relevant words outside the underlined portion (the questions answered in relation to the other words).
36. Primitive people wore ornaments for religious ceremonies.
37. The ladder is a useful tool.
38. The judge snored during closing arguments.
39. The end of the movie seemed contrived.
40. I started with the end of the book.
41. I love old sailboats.
VI. Conversions, 1 point each
Change the following linking-verb patterns into NPs.
42. The paint was blue.
43. Her direction was strategic.
44. His mule was disobedient.
Change the following NPs into linking-verb clauses. You may have to adjust the determiners.
45. those loud boys
46. tasty strawberries
47. the thick pudding
Change the NP to signal possession by prepositional phrase rather than possessive construction.
48. Thomas Edison’s inventions rocked our world.
Change the NP to signal possession by possessive construction rather than prepositional phrase.
49. the powerful neighbor of Ireland