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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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In Maslows hierarchy of needs the most basic need is for:

Resolved Question:

In Maslow's hierarchy of needs the most basic need is for:



A. material possessions.


B. security.


C. acceptance.


D. food, clothing, and shelter.
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Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points
The principle upon which a probable cause assessment is made is called:



A. the Brandeis theory.


B. hearsay evidence.


C. a totality of the circumstances.


D. All of the above
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Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points
The continuum of police/citizen contacts has __________ points between the two extremes.



A. eight


B. twelve


C. twenty-four


D. an infinite number of
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Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points
According to the text, the essence of being an American to many means the right to:



A. pursue unlimited financial wealth.


B. be left alone by the government.


C. travel freely to any other country.


D. answer only to oneself.
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Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points
A stop and frisk situation:



A. requires probable cause.


B. is limited by the Fourth Amendment.


C. cannot produce admissible evidence.


D. All of the above
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Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points
Acceptable sources of probable cause could include all EXCEPT:



A. what a government agent sees.


B. what a government agent smells.


C. what a government agent experiences in a dream.


D. what a reliable informant tells a government agent.
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Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points
Probable cause is:



A. weaker than reasonable suspicion.


B. crucial to understanding when police may act.


C. simply defined.


D. All of the above
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Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points
The Fourth Amendment has continued to evolve:



A. substantively.


B. procedurally.


C. constitutionally.


D. All of the above
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Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points
One way courts have determined reasonableness is the bright line approach, which:



A. considers the totality of circumstances in each individual case.


B. assigns points to each indicia of reasonableness.


C. compares a case to other similar cases.


D. considers a specific rule that applies to all cases.
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Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points
What is required for a stop?



A. Reasonable suspicion


B. Probable cause


C. A warrant


D. Both probable cause AND a warrant
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Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points
The exclusionary rule is:



A. the most frequently used means to address constitutional infractions by the government in criminal cases.


B. among the most controversial and passionately debated rules of law governing our criminal justice system.


C. firmly established, having its roots in Boyd v. United States (1886).


D. All of the above
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Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following is true?



A. Presence at a crime scene may contribute to probable cause.


B. Presence in a high-crime area may contribute to probable cause.


C. Both a and b are true.


D. Neither a nor b is true.
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Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points
The exclusionary rule was established at the federal level in:



A. Terry v. Ohio.


B. Wolf v. Colorado.


C. Mapp v. Ohio.


D. Weeks v. United States.
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Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points
Which of the following terms would help define the term reasonable?



A. Sensible


B. Rational


C. Justifiable


D. All of the above
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Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points
The first case to devise a two-pronged test to determine an informant's reliability was:



A. Spinelli v. United States.


B. Illinois v. Gates.


C. Aguilar v. Texas.


D. Draper v. United States.
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Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points
All warrants are to be based on:



A. a preponderance of the evidence.


B. reasonable suspicion.


C. proof beyond a reasonable doubt.


D. probable cause.
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Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points
Who is typically regulated by the Fourth Amendment?



A. Average American citizens


B. Private security officers


C. Government agents


D. All of the above
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Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points
Unreasonable searches and seizures are forbidden by:



A. the Fourth Amendment.


B. the exclusionary rule.


C. the Magna Carta.


D. All of the above
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Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points
Once signed by a judge, a warrant becomes:



A. an order for the police to carry out.


B. automatically void if not carried out within 72 hours.


C. reasonable.


D. All of the above
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Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points
A stop is:



A. the same as an arrest.


B. allowed only when probable cause exists.


C. not the same thing as an arrest.


D. Both a and b
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Question 1 of 20 5.0 Points
Deadly force can be used only when:



A. the offense involved is a Class I felony.


B. the reason is self-defense or protecting the lives of others.


C. authorized by a supervisor.


D. All of the above
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Question 2 of 20 5.0 Points
Roadblocks have been found to be constitutional if their purpose is to check for:



A. drugs.


B. drivers under the influence of alcohol.


C. Both a and b


D. Neither a nor b
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Question 3 of 20 5.0 Points
In United States v. Sharpe the Court ruled that a stop:



A. has no rigid time limit.


B. can be no longer than 5 minutes.


C. can be no longer than 10 minutes.


D. can be no longer than 20 minutes.
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Question 4 of 20 5.0 Points
Officers can usually make a lawful arrest:



A. for any crime committed in their presence.


B. for any felony if they have probable cause.


C. with an arrest warrant.


D. All of the above
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Question 5 of 20 5.0 Points
A Terry stop requires:



A. reasonable suspicion.


B. informational probable cause.


C. observational probable cause.


D. All of the above
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Question 6 of 20 5.0 Points
Some states allow officers to arrest on a misdemeanor not committed in their presence in the case of:



A. domestic assault.


B. DUI.


C. shoplifting.


D. All of the above
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Question 7 of 20 5.0 Points
In Ohio v. Wireman (1993), the Court ruled that __________ is/are all an officer requires to make a reasonable stop of a motorist to investigate a traffic violation.



A. probable cause


B. specific, articulable facts


C. Both a and b


D. Neither a nor b
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Question 8 of 20 5.0 Points
Who has complete immunity from arrest?



A. families of foreign diplomats


B. servants of foreign diplomats


C. Both a and b


D. Neither a nor b
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Question 9 of 20 5.0 Points
If police officers make a stop for a traffic violation and are reasonably suspicious that the situation is dangerous, they:



A. can order driver and passenger(s) out of the car, but not frisk them.


B. cannot order driver or passenger(s) out of the car or frisk them.


C. can order driver and passenger(s) out of the car and frisk them.


D. can order driver and passenger(s) out of the car; can frisk driver, but not passengers.
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Question 10 of 20 5.0 Points
The middle ground between a stop and an arrest is called:



A. an augmented stop.


B. a subarrest.


C. detention tantamount to arrest.


D. None of the above
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Question 11 of 20 5.0 Points
A search incident to lawful arrest:



A. requires a warrant.


B. must be limited to only the body of the person under arrest.


C. may be conducted without a warrant.


D. Both a and b
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Question 12 of 20 5.0 Points
Searches with a warrant:



A. are presumed to be unreasonable.


B. must be executed within 36 hours to be valid.


C. are presumed to be reasonable.


D. are considered justified beyond a reasonable doubt.
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Question 13 of 20 5.0 Points
Plain view evidence is admissible in court:



A. if it was unconcealed.


B. if officers saw it while engaged in a lawful activity.


C. even if it was seen without a warrant.


D. All of the above
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Question 14 of 20 5.0 Points
Routine searches at our national borders require:



A. reasonable suspicion.


B. consent.


C. Both a and b


D. Neither a nor b
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Question 15 of 20 5.0 Points
Electronic surveillance:



A. is governed by the Fourth Amendment.


B. never requires a warrant.


C. produces no intrusion on one's reasonable expectations of privacy.


D. All of the above
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Question 16 of 20 5.0 Points
The law of stop and frisk:



A. is governed by the Fourth Amendment.


B. is authorized by the circumstances of an investigative stop.


C. involves only a limited pat down of the outer clothing.


D. All of the above
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Question 17 of 20 5.0 Points
Exigent circumstances include all except:



A. driving while intoxicated.


B. a person fleeing upon seeing an officer approach.


C. hot pursuit.


D. danger of destruction of evidence.
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Question 18 of 20 5.0 Points
The purpose of an inventory search of a person who is being jailed is to:



A. discover evidence of a crime.


B. protect officers and other prisoners.


C. Both a and b


D. Neither a nor b
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Question 19 of 20 5.0 Points
Curtilage is:



A. another term for exigent circumstances.


B. abandoned property.


C. a term used to describe property generally associated with the common use of land.


D. Latin for "reasonable expectation of privacy."
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Question 20 of 20 5.0 Points
An administrative warrant is:



A. no different than a criminal warrant.


B. used by government agents to conduct routine inspections when the property owner refuses entry.


C. more difficult to obtain than other warrants.


D. valid for only 72 hours.
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Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2541
Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
Chris M. and 9 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 1 year ago.








































































Which of the following is not a part of the Miranda warning:















A. You have the right to remain silent.
B. If you cannot afford a lawyer, one will be appointed for you without cost.
C. You may leave here at any time.
D. Anything you say can and will be used against you in court.

Reset Selection











For a person to waive his or her Miranda rights, he or she:















A. remains silent.
B. does not object.
C. specifically states he or she understands his or her rights and will voluntarily answer questions without a lawyer present.
D. No one can waive these important due process rights.

Reset Selection











The Fifth Amendment often interacts with the ____________ Amendment.















A. First
B. Second
C. Third
D. Fourth

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The rules and procedures to ensure fairness of law are provided by:















A. due process.
B. substantive due process.
C. procedural due process.
D. all of the above

Reset Selection











Miranda contains _____ specific warnings.















A. two
B. three
C. four
D. five

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In ____________, the U.S. Supreme Court established the right to counsel during police interrogation for all criminal suspects.















A. Escobedo v. Illinois
B. Miranda v. Arizona
C. Dickerson v. United States
D. Fikes v. Alabama

Reset Selection











The Miranda warning must be given:















A. to all suspects.
B. only to those suspects interrogated in the custody of police.
C. to all witnesses.
D. both a and c

Reset Selection











Obtaining a confession by ____________ is constitutional.















A. physical coercion
B. psychological coercion
C. misrepresentations
D. none of the above

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The precedent case for analyzing confession issues is:















A. Terry v. Ohio.
B. Miranda v. Arizona.
C. Escobedo v. Illinois.
D. Massiah v. United States.

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In ____________, the U.S. Supreme Court held that confessions obtained through brutality and torture by law enforcement officials are violations of constitutionally protected due process rights.















A. Brown v. Mississippi
B. Fikes v. Alabama
C. Katz v. United States
D. Dickerson v. United States

Reset Selection











The only unincorporated right guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment is the right to:















A. be a witness against oneself.
B. a grand jury indictment.
C. due process.
D. just compensation when government takes private property.

Reset Selection











Miranda has already been upheld in the early 21st century by:















A. Katz v. United States.
B. Dickerson v. United States.
C. Marbury v. Madison.
D. New York v. Quarles.

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In re Gault assured juveniles:















A. the right to a jury trial.
B. due process in the legal system.
C. the right to be tried as an adult in certain cases.
D. all of the above

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The exclusionary rule prohibits the use of confessions obtained in violation of a person's constitutional rights and those that are otherwise coerced because:















A. they are inherently unreliable.
B. to do otherwise would be a violation of due process.
C. of a need to hold government accountable by holding such confessions inadmissible.
D. all of the above

Reset Selection











The first confession case decided by the Supreme Court was:















A. Miranda v. Arizona.
B. In re Gault.
C. New York v. Quarles.
D. Brown v. Mississippi.

Reset Selection











The Fifth Amendment allows people to not testify in court against themselves because:















A. "people need not do what they don't want to" -- Benjamin Franklin.
B. of the protection it provides against self-incrimination.
C. of the need to prevent an unconstitutional taking.
D. none of the above; if subpoenaed, they must testify.

Reset Selection











Voluntariness of a confession is determined by:















A. the police conduct involved.
B. the characteristics of the accused.
C. both a and b
D. neither a nor b

Reset Selection











When considering the characteristics of the accused, which of the following apply:















A. age and level of intelligence
B. mental illness and physical condition
C. both a and b
D. neither a nor b

Reset Selection











The framers of the Constitution intended to:















A. limit overzealous government power to acquire information.
B. limit what the government could use to acquire information.
C. both a and b
D. neither a nor b

Reset Selection











A landmark case that has become part of our national culture is:















A. Messiah v. United states.
B. Marbury v. Madison.
C. Miranda v. Arizona.
D. No case ruling has become part of our national culture.

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I will need answers to these as well

Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
Hello Rico,

If the answers I submitted above were satisfactory, please give a positive rating. Then, please make a new, separate post for the above quiz. It is a site regulation that one question be asked per post. Begin your next post with "For Chris M." and it will brought to my attention on the question page.

Thanks!

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Chris M.
Chris M.
Social Worker
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Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)