I think I know some of the diseases for example
Arterial vascular disorders:
atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, gangrene, stroke, intermittent claudication, ulcers, peripheral arterial disease, acute arterial occlusion, abdominal aortic aneurysm, Raynaud's disease, arterial ulcers
Thrombophlebitus, varicose veins, chronic venus insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, neuropathy, lymphedema, venous ulcers.
I know that each of the diseases has a different set of symptoms. Is there more of a general set of symptoms that can compare the two?
Two things... Do you receive the email prior to this one? and I just found something in my book that stated this information which may help answer the question?
Veins " The structure of veins and their reliance on a unidirectional valve, the skeletal muscle pump, and changes in abdominal and intrathoracic pressures lend them to problems of stasis and insufficiency"
Arterial diseases involve narrowing of the vessels, weakening of the vessel walls, and thrombus formation. Risk factors are the same as for CAD: smoking, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and family history of arterial problems. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause.
Lisa,There are some common symptoms and some different. We will compare the symptoms, but before it I would start with the general opening and classification of the arterial and venous disorders.
Three sets of vessels comprise the circulatory system:
ii) lymphatics, and
Arteries bring oxygen-carrying blood from the heart to the tissues. Arteries have almost similar pressure in the walls as the heart.
In the normal course of blood circulation, small amounts of fluid and protein leak from arteries and veins in the tissues, which is called as lymph. Lymphatic vessels bring this protein-rich lymph fluid back into the circulation.
The third type of blood vessel is the vein.Veins bring oxygen-depleted blood from the organs and tissues to the heart and lungs, where it is re-oxygenated. Blood return to the heart through the veins tends to be passive and is enabled by muscle contraction in the arms and legs. Veins have significantly low pressure compared to arteries.
The various arterial diseases are;1) Occlusive diseasesa) Atherosclerosisb) Burger disease (thromboangitis obliterans)2) Functional diseasesa) Raynaud syndromeb) Acrocyanosisc) ErythromelalgiaThe various venous diseases are;1) Superficial thrombophlebitis2) Deep vein thrombosis3) Varicose veins; involve superficial veins4) Chronic venous insufficiency; involve deep veins.Diseases of the veins fall into two broad categories: blockage from a blood clot (thrombosis) and inadequate venous drainage (insufficiency). The differences of the symptoms in arterial and venous diseases;1) Intermittent claudication;
In the peripheral arterial diseases (PAD), there is a pain in the lower limbs after walking a certain distance. This is called as claudication pain. This relieves on the rest and thus is called as intermittent claudication. The pain occurs due to increased demand of the oxygenated blood in the tissue while walking.In the venous diseases, like venous insufficiency, there is relief of the pain when one walks. Walking facilitates the stagnated blood in the veins to move forward and thus the relief of the pain.Thus the arterial symptoms worsen on walking and relieve on rest; venous symptoms get better on walking and aggravates on standing or sitting with the limbs unsupported.2) Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by the 'five Ps' (pain, pallor, pulselessness, paresthesias, and paralysis).These symptoms (5 Ps) are absent in the venous diseases.3) Except the deep vein thrombosis the venous diseases are usually not limb or life threatening.The arterial diseases are frequently limb, organ and life threatening.4) The limb gangrene is common with the arterial disease if not treated. Venous gangrene is non common but may occur with an highly advanced venous disease.5) Venous disease usually present with engorged veins on the skin and thus are not difficult to identify immediately. Arterial diseases may need investigations like colored doppler study (specialized ultrasound) as the initial modality to confirm it.
Thank you Dr. That is helpful. I think I am beginning to understand this.
Also would the information below apply about arteries and veins?
Veins: " The structure of veins and their reliance on a unidirectional valve, the skeletal muscle pump, and changes in abdominal and intrathoracic pressures lend them to problems of stasis and insufficiency"
Arteries: "Arterial diseases involve narrowing of the vessels, weakening of the vessel walls, and thrombus formation. Risk factors are the same as for CAD: smoking, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and family history of arterial problems. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause".
Great. I saw those in my book.
So just to be clear, the list you just gave me: ovesity, oral contraceptives etc are risk factors for venous diseases and not arterial or are they risk factors for both?
Thank you so much Dr. Arun. I appreciate the time you have given me. I am learning a lot from you. I can now answer the question with a better understanding of how things work. I do not know if you teach, but you should.
Thank you again,
Thank you and I will.
Have a great weekend,