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Chris M.
Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
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Experience:  Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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Political Science

Resolved Question:

nevermind

Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
Hello Humerto,

I answered these question in your previous post. Did you receive those answers? If those answers were satisfactory a bonus would be appreciated as the exam included 50 questions, rather than 20 questions as you anticipated.

Thanks!

Customer: replied 1 year ago.

I have and thank you I also gave you a bonus on the previous one. I have another one similar if you would like to answer.

Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
Hello and thanks for the request.

Yes. thanks for the "accept" and bonus. How many question are there and how much time is allotted?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

the same as before. 60 minutes

Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
OK, I can begin in, say, 15 mins., if that works for you. You can post the questions here in this thread.
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

1. Yellow journalism contributed to public support for the




















Spanish-American War.
Civil War.
War of 1812.
Mexican War of 1848.
American Revolution.

 


2. In general, polls indicate that American public opinion is




















highly informed in the sense that most citizens have a lot of accurate information about politics and public affairs.
extremely well informed about domestic issues but not very informed about international issues.
extremely well informed about international issues but not very informed about domestic issues.
highly informed about election campaign issues but otherwise uninformed about political issues.
None of the above answers is correct.

 


3. XXXXX XXXXX's contribution to the development of political parties was the




















forging of a coalition of Democrats and Whigs.
introduction of primary elections.
formation of a grassroots party-one with local organizations and open to all eligible voters rather than just elite leaders.
formation of the Federalist party.
formation of the Republican party.

 


4. A primary difference between a political party and a typical interest group is that the party




















promotes public policies.
addresses a broad range of issues.
supports candidates for public office.
influences policymakers.
addresses a narrow range of issues.

 


5. In the dynamics of an iron triangle, what benefit do interest groups provide to friendly bureaucratic agencies?




















services for constituents
travel funds
campaign contributions
administration of mutually beneficial policies
lobbying support for agency programs

 


6. Under federal law, a Political Action Committee (PAC) can contribute ________ per candidate per election.




















$1,000
$5,000
$25,000
$50,000
$100,000

 


7. George Gallup, the founder of the public opinion polling industry in the United States, argued that leaders





















must be in close touch with public opinion if they are to serve the people's true interests.



should never make a decision without consulting the opinion polls.



should keep their distance from the public, since enlightened leadership is a better guide to policy than the public's passing whims.



should pay attention to the polls during election campaigns, but not when formulating policies.



should not be overly attentive to public opinion polls.



 


8. Objective reporting is based on the idea that the reporter's job is to




















report the facts and to present both sides of the partisan debate.
report what political leaders want them to report.
discover what other reporters are saying and provide a uniform interpretation of events.
scrutinize the partisan debate and inform the news audience which party has the better argument.
All of the answers are correct.

 


9. Historically, the American press has shifted from




















a political to a journalistic orientation.
objectivity to subjectivity.
a journalistic to a political orientation.
partisan to very partisan.
negative to positive.

 


10. If a minor party gains a large following, it is almost certain that




















the major parties will join together to attack the minor party.
Congress will enact legislation to make it difficult for the minor party to get on the ballot.
party in-fighting will tear it apart.
the major parties will try to capture its supporters.
the media will attack the minor party.

 


11. Citizens in ________ are most likely to volunteer time and money to promote community causes.




















Germany
France
Great Britain
the United States
There is no difference between the four nations.

 


12. When it comes to protest activities, a majority of Americans are




















actively involved at one time or another in their lives.
willing to contribute through financial support but not through active participation.
not highly supportive of such activities despite America's tradition of free expression.
actively involved only later in their lives when they feel more secure that a protest is justified.
supportive of violent activities if the cause warrants such an approach.

 


13. Which of the following is true about public opinion polling?




















Polls are the most relied-upon method of measuring public opinion.
Polls can be erroneous at times.
Most large news organizations have their own in-house polls.
The Gallup pollsters have correctly predicted the winner of presidential elections most of the time since 1936.
All of the answers are correct.

 


14. By definition, the interest-group system consists of all interests that are ________ and seek ________ goals.




















organized; political
cohesive; narrow
mobilized; ideological
small; narrow
None of the answers are correct.

 


15. As compared with an open primary election, a closed primary




















limits the period during which candidates can gather the petitions necessary to get their name on the ballot.
restricts the period of time during which candidates can openly campaign for office.
restricts the period of time in which televised debates and political advertising can occur.
restricts the groups that can contribute money to candidates.
restricts voting only to those voters who have registered as members of the party holding the primary.

 


16. In the 1960s, presidential candidates




















received more negative coverage than they do today.
were largely ignored by the media.
were hounded by the media incessantly.
received more favorable coverage than they do today.
None of the answers are correct.

 


17. The fact that only about 10 percent of the people who regularly listen to National Public Radio (NPR) contribute money to their local station is




















a result of the poor quality of NPR broadcasting.
a result of the fact that NPR stations don't regularly solicit contributions from their listeners.
a result of the fact that most NPR listeners have low incomes.
a result of the fact that NPR sells time to advertisers and doesn't have a need for listener donations.
an example of the free-rider problem.

 


18. As an agent of political socialization, the American family has its greatest effect on individuals'




















party identification.
opinion on the presidency.
opinion on particular policies.
information about particular public policies.
opinion on Congress.

 


19. State and local governments




















are prohibited by law from lobbying the national government.
are allowed to lobby in Washington, D.C., but only through employee unions.
are allowed to lobby in Washington, D.C., but only through the mass media.
lobby in Washington, D.C., but primarily through national conferences to which the president and congressional leaders are invited to listen to their views on national policy.
lobby in Washington, D.C., most effectively through organizations representing groups of states and localities.

 


20. In general, public opinion




















determines government action.
is unrelated to government action.
sets broad limits on government action.
affects government action only on election issues
is only important during a presidential election.

 


21. The citizens of ________ are most likely to participate as campaign volunteers during an election.




















the Netherlands
Great Britain
the United States
. Germany
France

 


22. The major reason for the persistence of the American two-party system is




















there are naturally only two sides to political disputes.
regional conflict.
its single-member-district system of electing officeholders.
the existence of state laws prohibiting the placement of a third major party on the ballot.
proportional representation.

 


23. Which of the following is an inaccurate statement about Americans' exposure to news?




















The Internet's news content is the main reason why people make use of the Internet.
Most people do not follow the news on a daily basis.
People who follow the news closely are generally better informed about politics than those who do not.
Young people are less likely than older people to follow the news closely.
Americans today are getting their news from a wider variety of sources than they did a few decades ago.

 


24. In the typical organizational structure of a political party, the lowest level of local party organization would be the




















ward.
precinct.
city/town committee.
county committee.
state committee.

 


25. Most political talk shows on radio offer a(n) _____________ point of view.




















liberal
conservative
middle-of-the-road
objective
non-partisan

 


26. The only presidential election in which the Gallup Poll erred badly was




















1928 Hoover-Smith.
1936 Roosevelt-Landon.
1948 Truman-Dewey.
1964 Johnson-Goldwater.
2000 Bush-Gore.

 


27. The frequency of elections in the United States reduces voter turnout by




















discouraging local politicians from playing an active role in presidential election.
creating more complex registration requirements.
focusing too much attention on state and local elections.
increasing the personal effort needed to participate in all elections.
increasing the amount of taxes paid at the polls.

 


28. During _________, the age of eligibility for voting was lowered from twenty-one to eighteen.




















the Civil War
World War I
World War II
the Korean War
the Vietnam War

 


29. Libertarians are opposed to governmental intervention in




















both the economic and social spheres.
the economic sphere, but not the social sphere.
the social sphere, but not the economic sphere.
neither the social nor the economic spheres.
only affirmative action.

 


30. Which newspaper was the first to reduce the price of a daily copy to a penny?




















The New York World
The Chicago Tribune
The New York Sun
The New York Times
The Boston Herald

 


31. The greatest blow to the organizational strength of U.S. parties was




















the national convention.
the direct primary.
Jacksonian democracy.
the emergence of PACs.
voter registration.

 


32. The chief obstacle to Americans' participation in community activities is




















the lack of opportunity because there are few groups active at this level.
the lack of personal motivation to get involved.
the low potential for success, since key decisions are made at the national level.
the low potential for success, since key decisions are made at the state level.
All of the answers are correct.

 


33. A main reason for the decline of party-centered politics is




















the emergence of candidates as the main attraction in media-centered election campaigns.
the irrelevance of parties in a technological age.
a weakening of state governments relative to the national government.
the development of public opinion polls as an alternative means of discovering public sentiment.
a weakening of the national government relative to the state governments.

 


34. States and localities often choose to hold key office elections in non-presidential election years to




















maximize voter turnout.
insulate their election races from the possible effects of the presidential campaign.
keep the public's interest in elections at a high level at all times.
allow local and state candidates to get more attention from the press.
All of the answers are correct.

 


35. The issue of slavery gave birth to the ________ party as a major political party.




















Federalist
Democratic
Republican
Whig
Populist

 


36. On-the-scene coverage of a natural disaster is an example of the press' role of




















watchdog.
signaling.
public representative.
common-carrier.
interpreter.

 


37. As a reference point for their opinions on particular issues, people are most likely to rely on




















ideology.
a group to which they belong or with which they strongly identify.
the editorial position of the local newspaper.
beliefs acquired while in high school.
positions taken by the president.

 


38. During his visit to this country in the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville described the United States as "a nation of




















freeloaders."
loners."
joiners."
fighters."
stalwarts."

 


39. Research has found that much of the partisan bias that viewers detect when watching television news is attributable to




















the way television anchors lead into news stories.
the facial expressions that television reporters use to signal whether they agree or disagree with something a newsmaker has said or done.
the order in which stories are presented on television.
the pictures that accompany the words spoken on newscasts.
the partisan preferences of the viewers themselves, which leads them to see negative coverage of their party as biased and to see negative coverage of the other party as the truth.

 


40. About 95 percent of all campaign activists in the United States work at




















the national level.
the state level.
the local level.
the national and state levels.
Republican and Democratic party headquarters.

 


41. Interest groups are using new recruitment techniques which include




















arranging social gatherings.
computerized mailing lists.
newsletters.
disseminating information on the Internet.
All of the answers are correct.

 


42. The largest citizens' group, with over thirty million members, is




















the NAACP.
the AFL-CIO.
the AARP.
MADD.
Common Cause.

 


43. ________ is based on judgment about the past performance of an elected official or political party.




















Prospective voting
Retrospective voting
Split-ticket voting
Straight-ticket voting
None of the answers are correct.

 


44. The news media's common-carrier role is based on the idea that




















the news will be available to all citizens.
various news organizations should interpret the news in nearly the same way.
the press should not charge for public service announcements.
the press should provide a channel through which political leaders can communicate their views to the public.
the press should be patriotic in the reporting of the news.

 


45. A purposive incentive is defined as




















a goal of direct economic gain.
the opportunity to promote a worthwhile public cause.
a goal benefiting a specific group.
any common purpose which brings groups together.
corporate profit.

 


46. As an influence on Americans' political opinions, religious differences are




















most evident in the context of economic issues, such as poverty programs.
not a significant factor.
most evident in the context of foreign policy, as evidenced by Americans' support for Christian nations and opposition to Islamic fundamentalism.
most evident in the context of social policy issues, such as school prayer and abortion, where Americans of different religious beliefs hold substantially different opinions.
most evident in the context of space exploration and travel.

 


47. The prevalence of mass elections helps the political system by




















providing leaders a means for deceiving the public.
lessening the frequency and need to protest violently.
assuring the voter turnout will be very high among all citizens.
All of the answers are correct.
None of the answers are correct.

 


48. Compared with U.S. citizens of higher income, those of lower income are




















much less likely to vote in elections.
about equally likely to vote in elections.
much more likely to vote in elections.
much less likely to vote in elections, a pattern that is also true in European democracies.
None of the answers are correct.

 


49. President ________ fireside chats revealed the power inherent in broadcasting.




















Franklin Roosevelt's.
Harry Truman's
Herbert Hoover's
Woodrow Wilson's
Calvin Coolidge's

 


50. When asked questions such as "How proud are you to be an American citizen?" what is the typical response by American citizens?




















All Americans except Hispanic Americans are very proud.
All Americans except the poor are very proud.
Americans of all backgrounds and age levels express a strong attachment to the nation.
The young answer "not very proud" or "not proud at all."
All Americans except conservatives are very proud.
Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2481
Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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