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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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hello I have study guide to fill out but im running out of

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hello I have study guide to fill out but im running out of time to do I believe is 20 question and the topic political science how fast would i have it ? is 60 minutes ok
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
Please post your questions.

Thanks!
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

. The framers of the Constitution preferred which of the following political arrangements?




















a republic as opposed to a pure democracy
a monarchy as opposed to a constitutional system
a pure democracy over a republic
a pure democracy over a representative democracy
socialism over capitalism

 


2. ________ is the ability of persons, groups, or institutions to influence political developments.




















Apathy
Politics
Power
Liberty
Political culture

 


3. The direct election of U.S. senators came about due to




















passage of the Second Amendment.
political pressure from the Progressives.
Jeffersonian democracy.
Jacksonian democracy.
the fact that state legislators no longer desired to select them.

 


4. The idea that government should be restricted in its lawful uses of power and hence in its ability to deprive people of their liberty is expressed by the term




















federalism.
self-government.
judicial review.
limited government.
natural rights.

 


5. Pluralism contends that, on most issues,





















corporate elites have more control over economic policy than do "the politicians in the visible government."



the will of the majority of the voting public determines government policy.



it is the preference of the special interest that largely determines what government does.



true authority lies with the elected politicians, and not with the public that put them in office.



the diverse nature of the citizenry enhances the democratic process in policymaking.



 


6. Viewed in historical terms, federalism has been a




















contentious and dynamic system that has adapted to the needs of the time.
theoretical principle, in that constitutional provisions for federalism have had virtually no impact on the relationship between the nation and the states.
flawed principle, in that the relationship between the nation and the states has been a constant source of problems without many positive benefits.
fixed principle, in that the relationship between the nation and states is almost completely defined by provisions of the Constitution.
poor replacement for the confederal system which existed before the Constitution.

 


7. The writers of the Constitution established a federal system of government in part because




















the states already existed as established entities and had to be preserved.
a federal government alone would never be able to command the identity or loyalty of its citizenry.
Locke and Montesquieu had concluded it was superior to other systems of government.
the British political system was based on the federal principle.
the states would be valuable sources of revenue for a federal government.

 


8. Presidential appointments and treaties must be approved by




















Congress.
only the president.
the Senate.
the Supreme Court.
the secretary of state.

 


9. In key decisions early in the New Deal era, the Supreme Court





















invalidated key pieces of FDR's New Deal legislation.



upheld FDR's "court-packing" proposal.



ruled that segregation violated the Fourteenth Amendment.



ruled that public accommodations were part of interstate commerce.



invalidated the commerce clause. -85



 


10. In America today, public education is primarily the responsibility of




















the national government.
state and local governments.
the National Education Association (NEA).
the American Federation of Teachers (AFT).
the U.S. Department of Education.

 


11. What new policy was established by the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark Gideon v. Wainwright ruling?





















the right to trial by jury



the need to charge an arrested suspect with a specific crime within 24 hours of arrest



the requirement that police read a suspect his rights before or during arrest



government provision of free legal counsel to the accused if they are too poor to hire a lawyer



the practice of allowing a suspect out on bail until time of the trial



 


12. A government's authority





















is evidenced when government officials use their right to exercise power.



is by definition not coercive.



does not include the power to arrest and imprison.



ensures that lawlessness prevails most of the time.



is based on pluralism.



 


13. Which of the following is an example of checks and balances?




















the veto
the impeachment process
approval of treaties
judicial review
All these answers are correct. -48

 


14. Who was serving as chief justice of the Supreme Court when it decided the case of Marbury v. Madison?




















John Marshall
Thomas Jefferson
XXXXX XXXXX
James Madison
Edmund Burke

 


15. The Great Compromise produced




















checks and balances.
the abolition of slavery.
a bicameral Congress.
separation of powers.
federalism.

 


16. The United States has certain rules in place to keep politics within peaceful bounds. These rules include all of the following EXCEPT




















autocracy.
democracy.
constitutionalism.
free markets.
None of these answers is correct.

 


17. The "three-fifths compromise" was a response to





















conflict over the institution of slavery.



the concerns of small states.



apportionment in the U.S. Senate.



the Electoral College.



the demands of large states.



 


18. How did Congress retaliate to the Supreme Court's reprimand, in Marbury v. Madison, that it had passed legislation that exceeded its constitutional authority?





















It passed legislation to reduce the power of judicial review.



It forced the Court to accept the power to issue writs of mandamus.



Congress had no way to retaliate.



It voted to impeach the Chief Justice.



It completely disregarded the Court's ruling.



 


19. The Bill of Rights added to the Constitution, among other things,




















a guarantee of freedom of speech.
a division of governmental authority into three branches.
checks and balances among the three branches of government.
restrictions against the power of corporations to influence the election process.
term limits for elected officials to reduce their power.

 


20. Which of the following has democracy come to mean in practice?




















pluralistic government through the combination of popularly elected representatives and the influence of interest groups
oligarchic government through a legislature chosen through popular election
elitist control through interest group politics
pluralism through the election of representatives and the influence of corporate interests
majority rule through the free and open election of representatives

 


21. What new policy was established by the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark Gideon v. Wainwright ruling?





















the right to trial by jury



the need to charge an arrested suspect with a specific crime within 24 hours of arrest



the requirement that police read a suspect his rights before or during arrest



government provision of free legal counsel to the accused if they are too poor to hire a lawyer



the practice of allowing a suspect out on bail until time of the trial



 


22. The European philosopher whose concept of natural rights had a great impact on American politics is




















Montesquieu.
Locke.
Hobbes.
Aristotle.
Burke.

 


23. Viewed in historical terms, federalism has been a




















contentious and dynamic system that has adapted to the needs of the time.
theoretical principle, in that constitutional provisions for federalism have had virtually no impact on the relationship between the nation and the states.
flawed principle, in that the relationship between the nation and the states has been a constant source of problems without many positive benefits.
fixed principle, in that the relationship between the nation and states is almost completely defined by provisions of the Constitution.
poor replacement for the confederal system which existed before the Constitution.

 


24. A totalitarian government




















admits to no limits on its power.
may control the media and direct the economy, but maintains public support by allowing such social rights as freedom of religion.
controls through one-party rule, though it may allow some semblance of party opposition.
controls through multi-party rule, in which it controls the electoral process to ensure its own party always achieves a majority.
is often overthrown by opposition political parties or popular movements because it lacks legitimacy.

 


25. In which of the following ways is the U.S. free-market system distinct from the European economies?





















its lack of regulatory intervention



its lack of intervention through taxation



its lack of intervention through spending policies



the extent to which private transactions determine the allocation of economic costs and benefits



the extent to which it exercises regulatory intervention by altering interest rates


 


 


 


26. According to the Supreme Court, which is true regarding freedom of assembly?




















Individuals have the right to command immediate access to a public auditorium.
Individuals have the right to hold a public rally in the middle of a busy intersection at a time of their choosing.
Public officials can regulate the time, place, and conditions of public assembly, provided the regulations are reasonable.
Public officials can prohibit assembly by unpopular groups.
Freedom of assembly is an absolute right, because it is in the First Amendment.

 


27. The Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ruling (1954) held that racial segregation in schools violated the




















due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.
due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Civil Rights Act.
establishment clause of the First Amendment.

 


28. Native Americans




















have always been legal citizens of the United States.
were not given citizenship status en masse until the twentieth century.
do not today have the full legal rights of other U.S. citizens.
are U.S. citizens unless they choose to live on a reservation.
have numbered roughly ten million in the United States since the 1700s.

 


29. Which of the following is true about the Sedition Act of 1798?




















The Act prohibited malicious newspaper stories about the president.
The Supreme Court ruled the Act unconstitutional.
The Senate voted it down, while the House passed it.
Thomas Jefferson strongly supported it.
The state governments refused to enforce it.

 


30. The exclusionary rule states that




















federal law cannot be applied in state courts.
the laws of one state court cannot be applied in the courts of another state.
after seven years, the statute of limitations applies, except in murder cases.
evidence obtained illegally is inadmissible in court.
state law cannot be applied in federal courts.

 


31. Which of the following is the only country that comes close to the United States in terms of the percentage of its citizens who are behind bars?




















Singapore
Japan
Great Britain
Romania
Russia

 


32. All the following countries have a unitary or modified unitary form of government EXCEPT




















Canada.
Sweden.
France.
Japan.
Great Britain.

 


33. Native Americans




















have always been legal citizens of the United States.
were not given citizenship status en masse until the twentieth century.
do not today have the full legal rights of other U.S. citizens.
are U.S. citizens unless they choose to live on a reservation.
have numbered roughly ten million in the United States since the 1700s.

 


34. Any law that attempts a racial or ethnic classification is subject to the




















reasonable basis test.
strict scrutiny test.
intermediate scrutiny test.
precedent basis test.
suspect classification test.

 


35. The "separate but equal" standard was created by





















Congress.



the Supreme Court.



the state supreme court of Virginia.



President Ulysses S. Grant.



Justice John Marshall Harlan.



 


36. What event occurred in 1877 in the South that brought about rapid legal discrimination against blacks?




















a backlash against the civil rights movement
the religious revival movement
the removal of federal troops
several state legislature elections that brought racist leadership into power
a severe depression that reduced the economic power of the black population

 


37. Gideon v. Wainwright is to the Sixth Amendment as Mapp v. Ohio is to the




















First Amendment.
Fourth Amendment.
Fifth Amendment.
Eighth Amendment.
Tenth Amendment.

 


38. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was aimed in large part at eliminating discrimination




















by governments in their conduct of elections (e.g., registration, placement of polling booths).
by private individuals in their social relations—bigoted statements and other acts of prejudice are unlawful under most circumstances.
by governments in their job practices and provision of services (e.g., schools, roads).
by private individuals in their employment practices and in their operation of public accommodations (e.g., hotels, restaurants).
against gays and lesbians.

 


39. The doctrine of nullification is most closely associated with




















Thomas Jefferson.
XXXXX XXXXX.
Roger B. Taney.
John C. Calhoun.
John Marshall.

 


40. The federal government's power to tax, regulate commerce among the states, and declare war are all examples of ________ powers.





















reserved



enumerated



implied



concurrent



None of these answers is correct.



 


41. The first women's rights convention in the United States was held in 1848 in





















Boston, Massachusetts.



San Francisco, California.



Minneapolis, Minnesota.



Seneca Falls, New York.



Madison, Wisconsin.



 


42. Which statement about women's rights is correct?





















The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was ratified by the necessary 38 states in 1982.



The women's rights movement began in the era of World War I and within a few years achieved voting rights for women.



Women have made substantial gains in the areas of appointive and elective offices.



Women tend to cast their votes for Republican candidates.



All these answers are correct.



 


43. Devolution is




















the passing of authority from the national government to the state and local levels.
the expansion of national authority that began in the 1930s.
the contraction of state authority and the expansion of local government authority.
the expansion of national authority that began in the 1960s.
None of these answers is correct.

 


44. Since the 1980s, the Supreme Court has addressed the exclusionary rule by




















expanding its application to virtually all criminal cases both at the state and federal levels.
determining that the rule was unconstitutional, in that it weakened the effectiveness of the police in maintaining an orderly society.
expanding its application to federal cases only.
expanding its application to state cases only.
None of these answers is correct.

 


45. The Fourteenth Amendment applies to discriminatory action by




















government only.
private parties only.
both government and private parties.
the president specifically.
Congress specifically.

 


46. "You have the right to remain silent....Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law....You have the right to an attorney." This is called





















the preferred position doctrine.



the clear and present danger test.



the Miranda warning.



the fairness doctrine.



None of these answers is correct.



 


47. Which of the following amendments contains a due process clause?




















First
Tenth
Third
Fourteenth
Twenty-first

 


48. The Supreme Court's decision in the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case





















invalidated the principle of affirmative action.



ruled that Bakke could not be admitted to medical school.



established quota systems as a legitimate basis of affirmative action.



upheld the principle of affirmative action.



None of these answers is correct.



 


49. If a person yells "fire" in a crowded theater when there is no fire, and people are hurt in the ensuing panic, that individual abused his freedom of speech according to the doctrine of





















malice.



clear and present danger.



unlawful assembly.



privacy.



prior restraint.



 


50. The individual freedoms in the Bill of Rights were extended by the Fourteenth Amendment to include protection from deprivation of due process rights by




















actions of the president.
the actions of individuals.
actions of the federal government.
actions of state and local governments.
actions of the U.S. military.

 


 


 


 


Expert:  Chris M. replied 1 year ago.
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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
Category: Homework
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Experience: Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
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