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exam 8 Question 1 of 205.0 Points A relatively high percentage
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Question 1 of 205.0 Points
A relatively high percentage of __________ offenses result in out-of-home placement.
C. public order
Question 2 of 205.0 Points
Treatment programs shown to be most effective:
A. target multiple systems at various levels.
B. focus on promoting only resilience.
C. focus on “normalizing” the individual.
D. focus only on psychotherapy.
Question 3 of 205.0 Points
In general, institutionalized offenders are often __________, compared to offenders who receive treatment in a noninstitutional setting.
B. more mentally disturbed
D. less likely to recidivate
Question 4 of 205.0 Points
Which act set the stage for and the philosophy of the contemporary juvenile justice system in the United States?
A. Juvenile Justice Plan
B. Juvenile Court Act
C. Hayward-Maxin Act
D. Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
Question 5 of 205.0 Points
Which was NOT an intention of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA)?
A. Criminalize status offenses
B. Consider and use alternatives to juvenile court
C. Recognize the constitutional rights of juveniles
D. Separate juveniles in adult jails from adults by sight and sound
Question 6 of 205.0 Points
The aspect of the JJDPA that states status offenses should NOT be considered “delinquency” is called:
A. due process.
Question 7 of 205.0 Points
Which term refers to youth who have been adjudicated delinquent and committed to custody for a length of time?
A. Secure detention
B. Juvenile detention
C. Secure confinement
D. Juvenile lock-up
Question 8 of 205.0 Points
Often referred to as “objective risk assessments,” __________ are based on demonstrated statistical relationships between a characteristic and an outcome.
A. clinical predictions
B. actuarial predictions
C. probability predictions
D. subjective assessments
Question 9 of 205.0 Points
An important component of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) is it:
A. focuses on talking as the solution.
B. focuses on a residential treatment approach.
C. provides indefinite and open timing of the treatment.
D. tries to get the involved family members to take action.
Question 10 of 205.0 Points
Which statement most accurately describes female juvenile sex offenders, according to Bumby and Bumby (1997)?
A. They are often perceived as dominant, controlling, and powerful.
B. They have never had suicidal ideation.
C. They have been victims of sexual abuse themselves.
D. They have not experienced depression.
Question 11 of 205.0 Points
Approximately __________ of adjudicated delinquency cases result in a disposition of out of home placement.
A. 25 percent
B. 50 percent
C. 40 percent
D. 10 percent
Question 12 of 205.0 Points
Juveniles adjudicated for what two offenses are LESS likely to be placed outside the home?
A. Public order and person offenses
B. Drug and public order offenses
C. Drug and property offenses
D. Person and property offenses
Question 13 of 205.0 Points
According to Kazdin (1994), there are over __________ treatment programs targeting serious antisocial behavior.
Question 14 of 205.0 Points
In their study examining long term effects of MST, Shaeffer and Borduin (2005) found that:
A. MST participants had fewer arrests but higher need for mental health care compared to individually treated offenders.
B. there was no significant difference in recidivism rates between MST and individual therapy participants.
C. MST participants had significantly lower recidivism rates than those who received individual therapy.
D. MST participants had 54 percent more arrests than individually treated offenders.
Question 15 of 205.0 Points
Why are JSO programs designed differently than those that target adult sexual offenders?
A. JSOs are more likely to recidivate.
B. Adult sexual offenders are less likely to recidivate.
C. JSOs are more changeable than adults.
D. Adult sexual offenders are more influenced by their social environment.
Question 16 of 205.0 Points
According to Heide (2003), psychiatric hospitalization is:
A. rare for adolescent murderers.
B. often used in place of adult prison.
C. effective in reducing recidivism.
D. rarely used for young children who kill.
Question 17 of 205.0 Points
The Giddings State Home and School:
A. requires youth to reenact their crimes while role-playing both perpetrator and victim.
B. is one of many treatment programs that target juvenile murderers.
C. is in Connecticut.
D. increased recidivism of capital offenders.
Question 18 of 205.0 Points
Salekin’s (2001) survey of over 500 child clinical psychologists found that:
A. most clinicians found no effective treatment for youth with psychopathic features.
B. the majority of these youths improved many of their psychopathic features in a very short time.
C. the majority of the clinicians stopped treatment after six months due to burnout.
D. after about one year of treatment, the youth reportedly improved in violence and recidivism.
Question 19 of 205.0 Points
Which approach to adolescent drug-abuse prevention targets school, peer, and community in addition to the family?
A. Community-systems approach
B. Ecological family-based therapy
C. Integrative therapy
D. Multisystemic therapy
Question 20 of 205.0 Points
Why is the military style of juvenile boot camps so popular?
A. It projects the image of getting tough with juvenile crime.
B. It is the most cost-effective style.
C. It is extremely effective at reducing recidivism.
D. The staff are especially well-trained to address issues specific to juvenile offenders.
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