Inadequate language ability and ADHD are considered __________ risk factors.
Question 2 of 20
Which statement best describes physical aggression in preschool children?
A. It is a strong predictor of later violence.
B. It declines if ignored by caretakers.
C. It is a normal developmental behavior.
D. It rarely, if ever, occurs in preschool children.
Question 3 of 20
Cote et al. (2007) found that girls are more likely to be aggressive by:
A. punching and pushing.
B. physically bullying.
D. spreading a nasty rumor.
Question 4 of 20
The most common problem associated with ADHD is:
A. substance abuse.
B. an emotional disorder.
D. serious depression.
Question 5 of 20
Genetics play a prominent role in which type of delinquency?
A. Persistent aggressive and violent behavior
B. Assertive behavior
C. Genocentric behavior
D. Persuasive behavior
Question 6 of 20
Dizygotic twins (DZ) are also called __________ twins.
Question 7 of 20
Psychophysiology refers to the study of the dynamic interactions between behavior and:
A. perinatal factors.
B. peer acceptance.
C. prenatal factors.
D. the autonomic nervous system.
Question 8 of 20
Each of the following is true of hostile attribution bias EXCEPT:
A. it develops during late adolescence.
B. it is the tendency to see hostile intentions when there are none.
C. it leads to aggressive behavior toward peers.
D. it leads to processing social information in maladaptive ways.
Question 9 of 20
Which emotion is most frequently associated with problem behaviors in children and adolescents?
Question 10 of 20
Stouthamer-Loeber (2004) found that one of the strongest predictors of serious, violent criminal behavior is:
A. introverted personality.
B. abuse in childhood.
C. cruelty to animals.
D. poor social skills.
Question 11 of 20
Cognitive, social, or emotional influences and experiences that moderate, buffer, or insulate against risk are called:
A. coping skills.
B. protective factors.
C. resilient factors.
D. resiliency skills.
Question 12 of 20
Which is NOT an example of a protection variable?
A. Parental support
D. Body type
Question 13 of 20
Which of the following is NOT one of the four broad factors in resilient children?
A. Connection to competent caring adults
B. Cognitive and self regulation skills
C. Access to myriad experiences
D. Motivation to be effective in the environment Reset Selection
Question 14 of 20
Among the most important network factors contributing to resilience in children and the prevention of delinquent behavior are:
A. supportive peers and nonpunitive community.
B. wealth and good spending habits.
C. excellent-quality television programs.
D. isolation and keeping family matters private.
Question 15 of 20
Which parental quality has been found to be positively associated with children’s social and academic functioning?
C. Not communicating
D. Emotionally remote
Question 16 of 20
Which of the following is NOT one of Gardner’s different intelligences?
Question 17 of 20
Which of the following is NOT one of the fundamental aspects of intelligence in Sternberg’s triarchic theory?
A. Analytic componential
B. Creative experiential
Question 18 of 20
A surprising finding in the research on resiliency is:
A. that it is uncommon.
B. that it comes from rare and special qualities.
C. the high IQs of children with resilience.
D. that it is ordinary.
Question 19 of 20
Research on self-esteem shows that:
A. individuals have not one but several self views.
B. it remains stable throughout life.
C. it is not affected by social comparisons.
D. it is established in early childhood.
Question 20 of 20
__________ prompts someone to do something because the activity is enjoyed for its own sake.
A. Intrinsic motivation
B. A biological factor
C. Affective style
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