I am a Moderator for this topic. I sent your requested professional a message to follow up with you here, when they are back online. If I can help further, please let me know. Thank you for your continued patience.
No rush. Just working on them right now. Whenever works for you. I have another 20 after these 20. I have 40 questions in total.
Thanks so much
Question 1 of 20
A key element in distinguishing youth gangs from other youth groups is:
A. serious and sustained criminal activity.
B. socioeconomic status of the youth.
C. job titles of the youths’ parents.
Question 2 of 20
Until very recently, there has been exceedingly little gang-focused literature of a psychological nature because:
A. gangs were considered too dangerous to study and analyze.
B. gangs were typically considered a sociological phenomenon in criminology.
C. there wasn’t enough evidence that gangs existed.
D. gangs were considered a throwback to primitive man roaming the herds.
Question 3 of 20
According to Thrasher, what is the root of gang delinquency?
A. Faulty social controls
B. Excessively close parental supervision
C. Overly strict fathers in the family
D. Desire for social acceptance in rural areas
Question 4 of 20
Theories of gang delinquency that consider delinquent gang members to be outcasts and socially inept adolescents have been called:
A. models of ineptitude.
B. infrahuman models.
C. models of predation.
D. social disability models.
Question 5 of 20
The primary means of financial support for gangs, both adult and juvenile, is:
B. sales of firearms and other weapons.
C. drug trafficking.
D. currency counterfeiting.
Question 6 of 20
According to the Maxson-Klein typology, a gang that is often very territorial and has been in existence less than 10 years is the __________ gang.
Question 7 of 20
The most common type of gang in the United States is the:
Question 8 of 20
Which is NOT a characteristic of successful prevention programs?
A. They begin early.
B. They follow developmental principles.
C. They focus primarily on improving academic success.
D. They acknowledge and respect cultural backgrounds.
Question 9 of 20
Which of the following is a distinctive feature of primary prevention programs?
A. They focus on children with serious behavior problems.
B. They focus exclusively on family problems.
C. They do not identify specific children for intervention.
D. They focus exclusively on psychological problems.
Question 10 of 20
Antisocial behavior has been found to substantially jump between what school grades?
A. Kindergarten and first
B. First grade and second
C. Third and fourth
Question 11 of 20
Primary prevention programs:
A. target a small, select group of children.
B. ocus on high risk children.
C. often require legislative funding.
D. are rarely successful.
Question 12 of 20
Another term for secondary prevention is:
A. intensive prevention.
B. selective prevention.
C. dual-focus prevention.
D. latent prevention.
Question 13 of 20
The type of prevention program has a high failure rate.
A. Spontaneous recovery
Question 14 of 20
Why are JSO programs designed differently than those that target adult sexual offenders?
A. JSOs are more likely to recidivate.
B. Adult sexual offenders are less likely to recidivate.
C. JSOs are far more changeable than adults.
D. Adult sexual offenders are more influenced by their social environment.
Question 15 of 20
Treatment programs shown to be most effective:
A. target multiple systems at various levels.
B. focus on promoting only resilience.
C. focus on “normalizing” the individual.
D. focus only on psychotherapy.
Question 16 of 20
Which statement most accurately describes female juvenile sex offenders, according to Bumby and Bumby (1997)?
A. They are often perceived as dominant, controlling, and powerful.
B. They have never had suicidal ideation.
C. They have been victims of sexual abuse themselves.
D. They have not experienced depression.
Question 17 of 20
Which was NOT an intention of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA)?
A. Criminalize status offenses
B. Consider and use alternatives to juvenile court
C. Recognize the constitutional rights of juveniles
D. Separate juveniles in adult jails from adults by sight and sound
Question 18 of 20
The aspect of the JJDPA that states status offenses should NOT be considered “delinquency” is called:
A. due process.
Question 19 of 20
Which term refers to youth who have been adjudicated delinquent and committed to custody for a length of time?
A. Secure detention
B. Juvenile detention
C. Secure confinement
D. Juvenile lock-up
Question 20 of 20
Often referred to as “objective risk assessments,” __________ are based on demonstrated statistical relationships between a characteristic and an outcome.
A. clinical predictions
B. actuarial predictions
C. probability predictions
D. subjective assessments