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Chris M., M.S.W. Social Work
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Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. 1.

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Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question.
1. The goal of Confucian philosophy in sixteenth-century China was to create
A. social harmony and stability.
B. a strong domestic economy.
C. a uniform educational system.
D. disciplined work force.
2. When Ptolemy's Geography was rediscovered the map-making profession was
A. supplied with a set of map proofs.
B. stimulated to produce more for decorative maps.
C. legitimized as a profession.
D. enlarged by the addition of many scholars to its ranks.
3. The response to the early energy crisis in the seventeenth century was to use coal as a fuel and power source. Those who mined the coal were regarded by the English society as
A. innovators.
B. outcasts.
C. saviors.
D. destroyers.
4. The underlying goal of Cotton Mather's The Return of the Several Ministers was to encourage the Salem court to
A. increase the hunt for new witches.
B. cease to prosecute witches.
C. release the imprisoned witches.
D. continue to prosecute witches.
5. The North American slaves were unsuccessful at insurrection against their owners because the slaves'
A. will had been weakened.
B. activities were closely monitored.
C. spiritual beliefs prevented violence.
D. numbers were too small.
6. The shift to the use of coal in seventeenth-century England is believed to have
A. caused serious environmental damage to both England and Scotland.
B. strengthened England's position as the economic center of Europe.
C. weakened the role of artistry in production.
D. facilitated England's later dominance on the seas.
7. By the end of the seventeenth century, attitudes that witch hunting was a reasonable response to natural or social calamity changed. This was largely brought about by the
A. Newtonian mechanistic view of the universe.
B. disbelief in Satan's responsibility for misfortunes.
C. improved living conditions of the seventeenth century.
D. increase in religious tolerance.
8. African slaves were regarded as superior to all other enforced immigrants to the New World because they
A. were available in great numbers.
B. tended to be docile.
C. were affordable labor for plantation work.
D. survived the best in the American tropics.
9. Portugal had the advantage over Spain and other nations in securing the spice trade because they
A. were able to keep the all-water route a secret.
B. had superior ships and navigational equipment.
C. had developed a system of stations along the route.
D. had greater financial reserves for funding expeditions.
10. Europeans set out to establish sugar plantations in the Caribbean in an attempt to
A. satisfy a newly developed sweet tooth.
B. meet their needs and eliminate an expensive import.
C. supply the network of European bakeries.
D. mass-produce alcoholic beverages.
11. African participation in the slave trade ultimately diverted energy from
A. economic and technological development.
B. cultural and social development.
C. medical and scientific development.
D. educational and artistic development.
12. The salt exchange was important to the merchants of Huizchou because it
A. was their primary commodity for trade.
B. allowed for extended trading regions.
C. enabled them to cure and trade fish.
D. served as a rural monetary unit.
13. The story of Woman Wang's life reveals that world trade
A. narrowed the gap between rich and poor.
B. expanded opportunities for all segments of society.
C. had positive effects in remote parts of the globe.
D. didn't benefit much of the world.
14. European societies initially looked upon coal mining with disfavor because it
A. violated the sanctity of the earth.
B. polluted the environment.
C. endangered the mining population.
D. necessitated changes in production.
15. The majority of African slaves were sent to
A. Brazil.
B. the United States.
C. the Caribbean.
D. Columbia.
16. England's conversion to a coal-based economy ultimately eliminated the need of the English to import
A. sugar.
B. salt.
C. tea.
D. coffee.
17. Ptolemy's Geography revolutionized map making because it
A. led to mathematical cartography.
B. was printed with movable type.
C. supplied a definitive set of world maps.
D. depicted the whole world.
18. Which of the following prevented the growth of an independent merchant class in sixteenth-century China?
A. Intermarriage with other classes
B. Governmental opposition
C. Weakening domestic markets
D. Allegiance to Confucian philosophy
19. The one factor responsible for the quickening of China's economy in the sixteenth century was the
A. initiation of trade with Portugal.
B. influx of Portuguese silver.
C. increased demand for Chinese products.
D. implementation of the salt-exchange system.
20. Which of the following was most instrumental in ending the Reign of Secrecy?
A. The increase in sea expeditions
B. The black market in maps
C. Ptolemy's Geography
D. The printing press

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