How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask Ray Atkinson Your Own Question

Ray Atkinson
Ray Atkinson, Graduate Student
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 1787
Experience:  Degrees in Math, Education and Accounting, years and years of tutoring.
29937297
Type Your Homework Question Here...
Ray Atkinson is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

10. (5 points) Double transposition ciphers were very secure

Resolved Question:

10. (5 points) Double transposition ciphers were very secure hand encryption methods used during World War II by both the Allies and the Axis and is described in some detail here:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/decoding/doubtrans.html

The following message was encrypted using a double transposition cipher:

PRINS NOLOO EEPIL RGVST OPAEA SETVT LSVIL ECSSO BITUP EASTH SLAHB OEEIP I

The key for the first transposition is DURABLE; the key for the second transposition is FIREWANDS. Decrypt the message (be sure to show your work)

11. (5 points) The message below is encrypted using an affine cipher (information about affine ciphers can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affine_cipher ) with a = 3 and b = 8. Decrypt the message.

SUHHC ODHGKNSIK IVR DIBBC VUW CUIH

An affine cipher is a monoalphabetic substitution cipher where the ciphertext is encrypted from the plaintext by the formula:

C(P) = (a x P + b) mod 26

7. (10 points) In your corporate environment the company depends heavily on the customer database for sales lead information and for revenue tracking. The database is hosted on a server in the corporate data center which is offsite. One day the power connection from the utility company to the data center is lost…however, the data center staff do not realize this as the data center immediately switched over to their backup diesel generator. Unfortunately the data center staff, not being aware that they were on backup power, never check the fuel level of the generator and it runs out of fuel. All of the systems in the data center go down. The outage lasts for 12 hours.
Outage duration 12 hours
Annual corporate revenue based on sales $12,000,000
Asset Value of corporate data center $500,000
Asset value of database server 10% of datacenter
Annual Rate of Occurrence 1 in 100

Determine the following information:

a. Calculate the Single Loss Expectancy (SLE) (3 points)
b. Calculate the Annual Loss Expectancy (ALE) (3 points)
c. The cost of controls is the purchase of a UPS system for $1000. Determine the ALE after the controls (assume the ARO goes to 1 in 500) (2 points)
d. Calculate the risk leverage (2 points)
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Homework
Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

How soon do you need this? I have the first cypher done. (I like the quote, BTW)

The last question is going to take me some time to research.

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

The formula I have needs a value for "exposure factor." Is that computed from the information given? If so, do you have a better formula that I can use?

Customer: replied 1 year ago.


How can I see the answers? This is due by tomorrow midnight.

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
I will give the answers when I have them all to give you. Do you have the formula I asked for?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

Is this ok?


ALE Examples


ARO: Annual Rate of Occurrence – the number of times in a given year that an event is expected to


occur. This can be expressed as a fraction (such as 1 in 15, 1 in 200, 1 in X, etc.) meaning that the


event is expected to occur at least once (1) in some number of years (X).


ALE: Annual Loss Exposure (aka risk exposure) – the expected annual loss due to an event. This is


typically expressed as a dollar amount.


Examples:


Problem #1:


You work for a company whose offices are flooded. All of the servers in the corporate data center


on site are ruined. The total cost of all the systems was $500,000. The offices happened to be in a


100-year flood plain (the ARO for a massive flood in a given year was 1 in 100). Calculate the ALE


for this event.


Solution #1:


In this case the ARO is already given: 1 in 100 = .01


The cost of the systems is $500,000.


So, the ALE is the cost of the systems multiplied by the ARO or:


$500,000 x .01 = $5000


Now, this is NOT the cost of the loss. This is the annual risk exposure that a massive flood would


take out the systems. The cost of the loss, if a 100-year flood occurs is $500,000. This is just a way


to give IT and security managers a way to figure out whether they need to install a control that


would mitigate this problem.


Problem #2:


Your company pays an annual maintenance fee of $1000 to an anti-virus company, MyAV.com, to


stay current on the anti-virus software. One day, an employee receives an e-mail with a new virus


attached and opens the e-mail. Every mailbox in the company directory is infected. It will take


the IT staff 3 days to clean all of the affected mailboxes at a cost of approximately $10,000. The


chance of this happening, according to MyAV.com’s account manager, was 1 in 20. In addition,


the cost of loss of sales opportunity amounts to an additional $25,000. Calculate the ALE.


Solution #2:


In this case the total loss is the loss of sales opportunities as well as the cost of the cleanup:


$10,000 + $25,000 = $35,000.


MyAV.com claims that the ARO was 1 in 1000 or .05


Therefore the ALE is: $35,000 x .05 = $1,750


Problem #3:


The account manager for another anti-virus company, YourAV.com, contacts you after he hears


about your virus infection. He claims that his product, YourAV, would perform better than the


competitor, MyAV, and that such an event with his product would only have a 1 in 200 chance of


occurring. He offers you a competitive “upgrade” to his product for $500.00. Calculate the ALE


and the risk leverage.


Solution #3:


The loss in this case would still be $35,000. But now, the ARO is .005. So, the ALE is:


$35,000 x .005 = $175.00


The risk leverage is:


[ ($1,750) – ($175) ] / $500 = 3.15 (a relatively low number and so the solution is worthwhile


 


 

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
Thank you for this. I will study it and will get it done. What is the deadline?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.

Can I get it by tomorrow morning! It is due by tomorrow night( final deadline).

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

No problems. Your post said high urgency, so I was afraid it was due very soon.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.


Ok and thanks! Just want to put it together with other questions when I receive them. How is it going by the way?

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

I have double and triple checked the numbers. I am quite happy with them, but please check it again. I told you that I am not familiar to this topic.

 

Attachment: 2013-04-28_022441_riskleverage.xls

Ray Atkinson, Graduate Student
Category: Homework
Satisfied Customers: 1787
Experience: Degrees in Math, Education and Accounting, years and years of tutoring.
Ray Atkinson and 3 other Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

OH! Hold on. Cancel that. I need to fix them!

 

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

I suddenly remembered that the loss was 12 hours instead of 24.

 

Attachment: 2013-04-28_022709_riskleverage.xls

Customer: replied 1 year ago.


Still cannot download the questions!

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

Ok, let me try wikisend.

 

Excel file

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
Are you able to get that file?
Customer: replied 1 year ago.


Yes, please convert it into a word document so that I can copy and paste in my home curate?which is a word document as well. Can you also ensure that the risk answer is demonstrated with steps and ac

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
Ummmm. Okay. I used Excel for the calculations, but I guess I can give it a shot. Give me a little.
Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
THIS ANSWER IS LOCKED!
You can view this answer by clicking here to Register or Login and paying $3.
If you've already paid for this answer, simply Login.
Customer: replied 1 year ago.


Thanks! I justed dowloaded it and will let you know. I also submitted new questions and can you look them? I will complette the survey as well!

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.
I did look at them, but I cannot do them. I do not know the topic.
Customer: replied 1 year ago.


Ok, they are information assuarance and networking! How do you feel for the previous answers? Do the affine has to align( rows)?

Expert:  Ray Atkinson replied 1 year ago.

The affine is just in rows to show how it works. C (number 2) goes to O (number 2*3+8=14) whether it is in rows or not.

JustAnswer in the News:

 
 
 
Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.
 
 
 

What Customers are Saying:

 
 
 
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Last | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX
 
 
 

Meet The Experts:

 
 
 
  • Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4520
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
< Last | Next >
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/BU/BusinessTutor/2012-2-2_115741_Kouki2.64x64.jpg Manal Elkhoshkhany's Avatar

    Manal Elkhoshkhany

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    4520
    More than 5000 online tutoring sessions.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/LI/lindaus/2012-6-10_04811_IMG20120609164157.64x64.jpg Linda_us's Avatar

    Linda_us

    Finance, Accounts & Homework Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    3121
    Post Graduate Diploma in Management (MBA)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/ComputersGuru/2010-02-13_051118_Photo41.JPG LogicPro's Avatar

    LogicPro

    Engineer

    Satisfied Customers:

    3035
    Expert in Java C++ C C# VB Javascript Design SQL HTML
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/lanis/2009-4-1_233717_phput9xef_c1pm.jpg Lani S.'s Avatar

    Lani S.

    Tutor

    Satisfied Customers:

    2457
    Registered Nurse, Internet Researcher, Private Tutor
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/chooser77/2009-08-18_162025_Chris.jpg Chris M.'s Avatar

    Chris M.

    M.S.W. Social Work

    Satisfied Customers:

    2341
    Master's Degree, strong math and writing skills, experience in one-on-one tutoring (college English)
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JawaadAhmed/2009-6-27_12137_SIs_SHadi.jpg F. Naz's Avatar

    F. Naz

    Chartered Accountant

    Satisfied Customers:

    1975
    Experience with chartered accountancy
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JK/jkcpa/2011-1-16_182614_jkcpa.64x64.jpg Bizhelp's Avatar

    Bizhelp

    CPA

    Satisfied Customers:

    1873
    Bachelors Degree and CPA with Accounting work experience
 
 
 

Related Homework Questions